Health belief model theory is one of the framework that is frequentlyused in conducting research in educations and promotion of health’s relatedmatters as it also explains changes in term of health behaviour(). The healthbelief model can be used as a guidewithin services to helps consumers understand health issues and for diseaseprevention programs. Furthermore, this model has range of key elements thatfocuses on individual belief around health conditions as well as predictindividual health related behaviours which can be design as a long-term and short-termprograms().
According to () the health belief model has five main action-relatedcomponents that identify key areas in termsof decision making points that influence health behaviour. These five action-relatedcomponents involves gathering personal information that determine individual riskfactor, conveying the consequences that is associated with beliefs or behaviour,communicating to the target population where recommended action is highlighted,providing assistance around the identification of barriers to action and demonstrating of action where skill developmentactivities and support is combined to enhance self-efficacy for successful behaviourchanges. This theory is known as one ofthe earliest theories, it came into existence in the 1950s as a method to describereason behind medical screening programs and others disease related issues(). However,health belief model focuses on individuals health behaviour where people havetheir own set of beliefs when it comes to their own health and ways they canmaintain personal lifestyles. For example, people from different ethnicity havetheir own perception of the seriousness of illness and how it impacts on theirday to day lifestyles as people have different ways of treating or seeking medical support , when it comes tobeing ill.
Moreover, People who have experiences illness such as the flu often seesthe flu as a relatively minor aliment, which makes them to stay home for fewday instead of seeking immediate medical attention such as going to the GP forprescriptions.