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The investigation focuses on the halt of American ground operations with United States Military and the ironic significance of the meaningless battle also pinpoints the morals of fighting a just war and challenges the sanctity our presence in the modern world. The loss of life and time is also consider In the sections entitled evaluation of sources, two sources are used for HTH investigation [ In Retrospect: The Tragedy and Lessons of Vietnam and The Brutal Battle of Hamburger Hill are evaluated according to their values, limitations, origins, and purposes.The Brutal Battle of Hamburger also contains field reports of the battle as well. Summary of Evidence The many faces of the Vietnam wore not only bore scars on the soldiers themselves, but on the American people as well.

The fight at Hill 937 or Hamburger Hill was not a major or a significant battle, however it did claim over 400 American casualties. 1 It was part Of operation Apache Snow,a part of a tough campaign to drive north Vietnam forces out of the A Shah Valley. 2 American efforts to take out the pestilent NAVA were disastrous for ineffective before Hamburger Hill.Furthermore, It took place on the Ap Bib Mountain the Vietnam border. The surrounding area was also full of wilderness and Engle, especially of a plant called elephant grass. American forces that participated consisted of the 51st Infantry, 50th Infantry, 18th Infantry, the 9th Marines, and the 5th Cavalry. The troops gave them all they could musts Finding information about the enemy itself was more than difficult.

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Their communications could not be traced so it took days to find contact. 3 Therefore, the American force had to enter the valley by helicopter only, making the approach and the landing a tenuous process.The operation was to be a reconnaissance effort and looked good on paper, but in practice it urine out to be a disaster.

The enemy’s system of entrenchments made it extremely difficult. The NAVA had bunkers all across the mountain with booby traps everywhere. At first, American units only encountered light resistance. Commander Honeycomb expected the NAVA to retreat after some combat, so he intended to push his troops into the heart of the valley and punish the NAVA before they escape into nearby Laos. Safari, Samuel. Hamburger Hill: The Brutal Battle for Donnas Bib, May 1 1-20, 1 969 . Gag Smith, W.

Thomas. Alpha Bravo Delta Guide to Decisive technetium American Battles peg 23 Kimball, Jeffrey P. Nixon ‘s Vietnam War. Lawrence, Kane. : University of Kansas 1998. Print. 2 “Battle for Hamburger Hill Ends. ” History.

Com. Television Networks, n. D. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.

Circumstances quickly took a turn to the worst, Cobra helicopter gunship sent to destroy the NAVA accidentally took a battalion command post as the enemy and killed two Americans and wounded thirty five others. The battle began to grind to a half and many units couldn’t even advance more than five hundred meters a day. The slopes were described to be mud-covered and stalled the assault more than the enemy. The treacherous landscape caused even airborne infantry battalions to become “ground-bound” in the jungle.

Helicopters found less and less spaces to land, and when they did many were taken out by rocket propelled grenades. NAVA Bunkers were placed right under dense jungle so that bombs simply couldn’t penetrate them. 5 The American command began to fall apart, Commander Honeycomb ordered his companies to push on but no force were able to coordinate a full frontal assault.As companies of infantry made their way upwards towards the mountain, helicopter gunship commenced friendly fired and killed many American troops. Finally the 18th infantry regiment made it to the summit but was beaten back.

The 50th managed to take an adjacent hill but took a lot of casualties. The situation became so tough that the 101 SST airborne was sent to arrive to reinforce the situation. Everyone gathered for a last frontal assault. The attackers overwhelmed the remaining NAVA and took the hill by 5:00 pm. At this point, over 60 percent of the attacking battalions have been wiped out.

Morale was low for the troops, many simply did not want to fight anymore. The deaths of troops in the intense jungle battle became a symbol of the Use’s futile efforts in Vietnam. Images showed wave after wave of valiant troops go up the hill Only to be forced back in their laden flak jackets and extra ammunition. Reporter Jay Sharpest began to investigate the situation. In his words, he described the battle as, “The paratroopers came down the mountain, Smith, W.

Thomas. Alpha Bravo Delta Guide to Decisive 20th-century American Battles . 4 Alpha Bravo Delta Guide to Decisive technetium American Battles . Their green shirts darkened with sweat, their weapons gone, their bandages stained brown and red-with mud and blood”. 6 What really drove the public mad was the meaning of the hill. The mountain served little logistical purpose to both Americans and the North Vietnamese Weeks after taking the mountain, the 101 SST airborne actually withdrew from it, giving the public more fuel to blame on President Eldon B Johnson. To make matters worse, regiments from the NAVA took back the mountain without resistance. 7 Mothers weeper as boys were sacrificed in vain, reporters cried out in justice, and pandemonium erupted within the press.

In many ways, the attack was more than irresponsible. To make matters worse, the army issued a press conference supporting the attack as a gallant victory and pressure was added to be put upon the enemy. Even the soldiers themselves gave up on the cause. One trooper used the cardboard bottom of a CO rations contained to create a sign saying “Hamburger Hill”, hours later another infantryman wrote the sullen words of” Was it worth it” under the initial words. For Colonel Henry and the rest of the Army staff, Hamburger hill proved to one of the last battles of attrition.

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