In this lesson, delve into the world of graphic organizers and gain an understanding of the definition and varieties.
You’ll also view examples of how they can be applied to foster a myriad of educational objectives.
Purpose of Graphic Organizers
Visual aids are everywhere today. Take, for example, the smart phone in your pocket or purse – it allows the user to organize applications in a user-friendly manner. Your style of organization depends on your usage.
Similar to the organization of our apps, graphic organizers afford students the opportunities to transform information, ideas, and concepts in a visual way.Graphic organizers help students organize ideas, see relationships, and retain information. Visual representations can be used in all disciplines and are quite flexible in their application.
How graphic organizers are used depends on the objective. For example, a CEO of a company might organize their smart phone much differently than a college freshman. They both might have similar applications, but their usage of these apps can be vastly different.Many organizers have more than one purpose. Much like our example of applications, these organizers can fall into more than one category depending on their usage.
Additionally, graphic organizer options continually change with growing technology. Let’s look at some different examples of organizers.
Examples of Graphic Organizers
The first type of organizer is sequencing or flow charts. One example of a flow chart is a timeline. These types of charts allow students to organize information chronologically, linearly, or in a cyclical fashion.Another type of organizer is a compare and contrast organizer.
These organizers highlight differences and similarities in objects, texts, character, etc. Examples of compare and contrast organizers include Venn diagrams, matrix, and T notes. In a Venn diagram, the similarities go in the sections that overlap, and the differences go in the sections that do not overlap.Note-taking is another way to organize. Note-taking organizers allow students to organize ideas graphically, which highlight important information in a user-friendly format. Examples of this type of organizer include Cornell notes, story maps, KWL charts, reading logs, and T charts. KWL charts are comprised of three columns: what I know, what I want to know, and what I learned.
Story maps can take many forms; story maps allow students to record their reading journey.Another type of organizer is the single topic organizer. Single topic organizers allow students to elaborate on a single topic. The main purpose is organizing and generating ideas. Examples of single topic organizers include tree, clustering, webbing, and diagrams.Finally, we have problem-solution organizers, which help students to view problems and solutions. Examples include the problem-solution organizer and the two-column problem solution.
Problem-solution organizers differ from one another. Literary-based problem-solution organizers focus on the problem, the events of the story, and end with the resolution. More technical disciplines implore problem-solution formats or allow students to record problems, possible solutions, and outcomes.
Graphic organizers are visual representations of information, and they have a wide variety of uses and benefits.
They help students build reading skills because they can be used to help students identify text structure. Other benefits include their ability to reinforce concepts, organize ideas for clarity, and their ability to meet the needs of visual learners.
When you are done, you should be able to:
- State the purpose of graphic organizers
- Name and describe the types of graphic organizers