Due to this fact, a technical lab report differs from a purely scientific lab report in its presentation. . Title Page This is the cover page of the report and contains the following: Name and old# Lab title Date done Date due Date Submitted Program Course number Group members Instructor 2. Summary Page This page informs the reader about the lab using the following sections: Intent: State the reasons why the lab was done. (The goal was to verify a physical law, or to determine a constant, etc) Results: State or show the result and the margin of error.
No calculations are shown here, only the final result is reported. For multiple results a table is a good way to organize them. The actual lab report begins here: 3. Theory This section contains a brief description of the theory and equations used in the lab. Any derivations using standard equations should be shown here, including those that are relevant to a graphical relationship. If a relation is tested, discuss how this experiment will examine the relation. 4. Equipment What apparatus was used? A diagram could be included here to show how the equipment was set up.
Be sure to cite any changes that were made to the equipment when the lab was performed. . Method How was the data taken? This is best done in short, point form. Be sure to include any changes to experimental procedure that were different from the lab handout. (Both “Equipment and Method” can be stated as “Refer to Lab Handout” if the equipment and method are identical to what has been given in the lab handout. However, the handout should be placed at the end of the report as part of the Appendix). 6. Data Show all raw data taken.
Tables are usually the best way to record data, as this is easiest for the reader to follow. A good table has a descriptive title, its column headings are clear, and it has applicable units in the column headings. 7. Analysis This section contains calculations and any manipulations upon the raw data. Calculations Show the method used in your calculations on your raw data, with appropriate equations. It is not necessary to include every calculation that you made. If a calculation is repetitive, just show one sample calculation detailing how the values are obtained.
Graphs Graphs should be used whenever possible, like tables they help the reader top quickly understand the information presented. A good graph has a descriptive title, the axes with applicable units are labeled clearly, and the line-of-best-fit is clearly labeled where applicable. The data on the graph should be spread over as much space on the graph as possible (i. E. Do not cluster the data in the top corner of the plot in order to show the origin unless there is a good reason to do so). Diagrams Diagrams that assist the reader to understand the calculations can also be included.
Diagrams must be descriptively titled, and be clean and uncluttered. Interpretation: Give an opinion as to whether the lab was successful, (was the principle confirmed, or the value determined? ). Discuss the validity of the results, including causes of errors, and suggestions for reducing these errors. Is the result reasonable, given its error? Methods for improving the lab can be given as well as suggestions of alternative ways of doing the lab. Questions If the lab handout contains a series of exercise questions, the answer should be given here.
Note that sometimes the answers to a question may fit elsewhere n the report (like in Interpretation on the Summary Page) but unless otherwise noted, include the answers to all questions here. 8. Appendix Pages All information sheets that were handed out, as well as rough handwritten data and other lab information, should be placed at the end of the report in an “appendix section”. This may also include references to any research information that is included in the report. Each group member must make a copy of the original tables and graphs from the lab and attach it in the appendix. Mark will be lost if this is not included.