In the 1940’s white people were clearly the majority and superior race. Whites looked down on all other races, especially blacks. This superiority had been going on for hundreds of years and was never challenged until the 1950’s and 1960’s. During this time period there were many civil rights movements led by Communists and other groups who believed in racial equality. Martin Luther King, Jr. was the most famous spokesman and adamant believer in racial equality.
The helm of all white supremacist groups was in Chicago. They targeted many pro-integration groups. Most of these white supremacist groups were located in the Marquette Manor, Chicago Lawn, West Lawn, and Gage Park neighborhoods of Chicago. During the 1960’s civil rights movements, these areas were a main target. These efforts were not successfully completed in the Marquette Park area until the 1980’s when integration slowly began to happen by a few blacks, arabs, and hispanics moving into the area. Most of the white residents kept quiet until the mid-80’s. Then the anti-segregation groups formed a coalition and used scape-goating against the blacks to magnify the discrimination in this area. The magnification of this problem did not help matters at all. It caused assaults on blacks and firebombings of colored homes.
Whites hated blacks in the 60’s and 70’s because they felt that they were inferior to them and that they were supposed to be segregated. Blacks hated the whites for making them feel inferior and having more opportunities than what they had.
The book Native Son is about the segregation of blacks and whites in the 1940’s. Bigger, the main character of this book, killed a white girl and was sentenced to the death penalty for it. The white prosecutors in the book tried to pin many other crimes on him such as rape, burglary, and other murders.
Even though Bigger did rob some people and kill his black girlfriend he was not tried for these crimes because in that day and time the white majority did not care about what happened to black people as long as they did not do anything to hurt or interfere with a white’s life. The death penalty probably would not have been pursued if the murderer of Mary Dalton would have been white. Since Bigger is black he is greatly hated and despised in this book. Mobs were formed outside of the courthouse during Bigger’s trial because of the hate the