Fairness, justice in the distribution of benefits and
responsibilities between men and women, based on the understanding that men and
women have different needs and powers. This distinction needs to be recognized
and considered to be used as a basis for differences in treatment applied to
men and women.
Gender Equality is a common
condition for men and women to gain opportunities and rights as human beings,
in order to be able to participate in political, legal, economic,
socio-cultural, educational and defense and national security activities and
similarities in enjoy the results of such development. Gender equality also
includes the elimination of discrimination and structural injustice, both for
men and women.
Gender equality is linked to
gender justice. gender justice is a process and fair treatment of men and
women. the realization of gender equality and justice is characterized by the
absence of discrimination against both men and women. so that everybody has
access, opportunity to participate, and control over development and obtain
equitable and fair benefits from the development.
Having access to the above has
an interpretation that everyone has an opportunity / opportunity in obtaining
fair and equal access to resources and has the authority to make decisions on
how to use and the results of those resources. Having participation means
having the opportunity to create / participate in national development. While
having control means having the authority to make decisions on the use and
results of resources. So get the same benefits from development.
Conclusion and Advice
Gender equality from Pancasila perspective.
number five in Pancasila is “keadilan sosial
bagi seluruh rakyat Indonesia” or “social justice for all the people
of Indonesia” which means that
every individual of society is entitled to obtain justice in any form and
condition without exception. So, gender inequality is very contrary to
Pancasila and Pancasila strongly supports gender equality.
Gender equality. The
definition of gender same as before, for the definition of equality based on Oxford
dictionaries is the state of being equal, especially in status, rights, or
Gender inequality. According
to the definition of gender previously, the definition of inequality based on Oxford
dictionaries is difference in size, degree, circumstances, etc.; lack of
equality. So, the definition of gender inequality is an injustice in some areas
example marginalization or the process of economic impoverishment, subordinates
or assumptions not important in political decisions, stereotyping or through
negative labeling, violence.
of gender based on Oxford dictionaries is either of the two sexes (male and
female), especially when considered with reference to social and cultural
differences rather than biological ones. The term is also used more broadly to
denote a range of identities that do not correspond to established ideas of
male and female. From Gender in Local
Government: A Sourcebook for Trainers book by UN Human Settlements Program
(2008) Gender is about social relationship. Gender is an analytical concept. It
is socially determined and not based on the sex of the individual. Sex refers
to the biological differences between women and men. The sex of the individual
is determined by biology (we are born with it and usually cannot change our sex
unless w have a lot of money). Gender is socially constructed. We grow up with
it an d it can and does, change over time. We can change gender relations.
differences are actually not a problem as long as not making gender inequality.
The problem will arise when gender differences have borne many injustices,
especially for women. To understand how gender justice causes gender inequality
to be seen manifestations of injustice in various forms, such as
marginalization or the process of economic impoverishment, subordinates or
assumptions not important in political decisions, stereotyping or through
negative labeling, violence, longer and more burdensome work long burden, as
well as socialization of ideology of gender role values ??(Mansour Fakih, 1997:
Then how do we deal with such
conditions? Of course, we want to seek the realization of justice or gender
equality. Before we do that, we need to know first how gender equality is in
the midst of our society in Indonesia. More specifically, we need to know how
gender equality is based on Pancasila?
Equality from Pancasila Perspective
Along with the era of
globalization, the issue of addressing the gender gap towards gender equality
becomes a highly relevant global issue concerning the integration of male and
female cooperation. Gender equality and justice is one of the goals of the
seventeen global goals of the world’s committed nations in Sustainable
Development Goals (SDGs). Women and men are creatures that share the same
potential. Their cooperation can accelerate the progress of development in all
fields. Education can be a very effective means of promoting justice and
equality. gender and family roles are highly recognized both explicitly and
implicitly and embodied in government policy. Indicators of gender and human
resource development were introduced since 1990, by UNDP (United Nations
Development Program) through the periodical report “Human Development
Report (HRD)”. Previously, the indicator to assess the success of a
country’s development is only measured by GDP (Growth Domestic Product).