Fairness, justice in the distribution of benefits andresponsibilities between men and women, based on the understanding that men andwomen have different needs and powers. This distinction needs to be recognizedand considered to be used as a basis for differences in treatment applied tomen and women. Gender Equality is a commoncondition for men and women to gain opportunities and rights as human beings,in order to be able to participate in political, legal, economic,socio-cultural, educational and defense and national security activities andsimilarities in enjoy the results of such development. Gender equality alsoincludes the elimination of discrimination and structural injustice, both formen and women. Gender equality is linked togender justice.
gender justice is a process and fair treatment of men andwomen. the realization of gender equality and justice is characterized by theabsence of discrimination against both men and women. so that everybody hasaccess, opportunity to participate, and control over development and obtainequitable and fair benefits from the development. Having access to the above hasan interpretation that everyone has an opportunity / opportunity in obtainingfair and equal access to resources and has the authority to make decisions onhow to use and the results of those resources. Having participation meanshaving the opportunity to create / participate in national development.
Whilehaving control means having the authority to make decisions on the use andresults of resources. So get the same benefits from development.Conclusion and Advice Gender equality from Pancasila perspective.Pointnumber five in Pancasila is “keadilan sosialbagi seluruh rakyat Indonesia” or “social justice for all the peopleof Indonesia” which means thatevery individual of society is entitled to obtain justice in any form andcondition without exception. So, gender inequality is very contrary toPancasila and Pancasila strongly supports gender equality.
Gender equality. Thedefinition of gender same as before, for the definition of equality based on Oxforddictionaries is the state of being equal, especially in status, rights, oropportunities.Gender inequality. Accordingto the definition of gender previously, the definition of inequality based on Oxforddictionaries is difference in size, degree, circumstances, etc.; lack ofequality. So, the definition of gender inequality is an injustice in some areasexample marginalization or the process of economic impoverishment, subordinatesor assumptions not important in political decisions, stereotyping or throughnegative labeling, violence.
Gender. Definitionof gender based on Oxford dictionaries is either of the two sexes (male andfemale), especially when considered with reference to social and culturaldifferences rather than biological ones. The term is also used more broadly todenote a range of identities that do not correspond to established ideas ofmale and female.
From Gender in LocalGovernment: A Sourcebook for Trainers book by UN Human Settlements Program(2008) Gender is about social relationship. Gender is an analytical concept. Itis socially determined and not based on the sex of the individual.
Sex refersto the biological differences between women and men. The sex of the individualis determined by biology (we are born with it and usually cannot change our sexunless w have a lot of money). Gender is socially constructed. We grow up withit an d it can and does, change over time. We can change gender relations.
Genderdifferences are actually not a problem as long as not making gender inequality.The problem will arise when gender differences have borne many injustices,especially for women. To understand how gender justice causes gender inequalityto be seen manifestations of injustice in various forms, such asmarginalization or the process of economic impoverishment, subordinates orassumptions not important in political decisions, stereotyping or throughnegative labeling, violence, longer and more burdensome work long burden, aswell as socialization of ideology of gender role values ??(Mansour Fakih, 1997:13). Then how do we deal with suchconditions? Of course, we want to seek the realization of justice or genderequality.
Before we do that, we need to know first how gender equality is inthe midst of our society in Indonesia. More specifically, we need to know howgender equality is based on Pancasila?GenderEquality from Pancasila Perspective Along with the era ofglobalization, the issue of addressing the gender gap towards gender equalitybecomes a highly relevant global issue concerning the integration of male andfemale cooperation. Gender equality and justice is one of the goals of theseventeen global goals of the world’s committed nations in SustainableDevelopment Goals (SDGs). Women and men are creatures that share the samepotential. Their cooperation can accelerate the progress of development in allfields. Education can be a very effective means of promoting justice andequality. gender and family roles are highly recognized both explicitly andimplicitly and embodied in government policy.
Indicators of gender and humanresource development were introduced since 1990, by UNDP (United NationsDevelopment Program) through the periodical report “Human DevelopmentReport (HRD)”. Previously, the indicator to assess the success of acountry’s development is only measured by GDP (Growth Domestic Product).Abstract