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Urban Regeneration in the London Docklands

The London Docklands Development Corporation is located along theRiver Thames Estuary

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2.a) The London Docklands had to close for many reasons. The mainreason was the Second World War. The area suffered substantial bombdamage in the Second World War, which lead to the need for asubstantial rebuilding programme. In the first 20 years after theSecond World War, many buildings came to the end of their usefulness.A number of factors contributed to the decline in the importance ofthe Docklands. London was no longer the centre of world trade and somuch of the dock space and warehousing was no longer needed. Somemanufacturing activities were attracted to the growing new towns andother out-of-town sites where costs were lower. As a result, much ofthe canal and railway land had fallen derelict. The economic viabilityof the docks was further reduced by changes in transport technology.Containerisation meant there was a need for deepwater dockingfacilities, and these could only be found downstream

b) East India Dock was closed in 1967, and trade in other docks beganto fall. Between 1961 and 1971, nearly 83,000 jobs were lost in thefive boroughs in the Docklands area – Greenwich, Lewisham, Newham,Tower Hamlets and South walk. A lot of these jobs were from largetransnational corporations. The growth of industry outside of Londonmeant high unemployment, which was accompanied by population decline.Whilst inner Londonlost 10 per cent of its population between 1961 and1971, the figures for Tower Hamlet and South walk were 18 per cent and14 per cent.

c) The London Docklands De…

… these problems. Pubs, restaurants, a floating museum, a hotel with 826rooms and a marina were all created in the St Katherine Docks. Thesewere created for both people who live in the Docklands, and for thetourists visiting the area. A dry ski slope has been created out of anold slag-heap within the Royal Docks. These docks are the site for anumber of large shopping centres.

4. I think that the redevelopment of the London Docklands has beensuccessful, because the area was derelict, unattractive, and didn’thave many job opportunities. The area is much better now, as lots ofnew housing has been built, there are recreational and leisurefacilities, and there are many available jobs. I don’t think I wouldhave approached the problem in a very different way, as I feel thesechanges were very good and beneficial.

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