Natural Products & Value-Adding Systems Program Filipino farming households and communities are to benefit from high quality, micro-nutrient-dense rises, with longer shelf life, thus helping address the problem on malnutrition. Additionally, rice-based food products and beverages with good nutrient composition and high market value will also be made available. Communities are to have capacity enhancement activities and an access to alternative beneficial uses of rice by-products and other farm biomass.Program 3 shall promote community-based conservation, natural and organic farming or diversified farming systems models and enterprises, value-added products from Appalachian, and policies on sustainable farming.
Energy in Rice Farming The Energy in Rice Farming Program aims to explore and develop energy sources and inputs for and from rice and rice-based farming and their applications to help in coming up with sustainable and cost-effective mechanized rice production and postposition systems.CIT for Development Philippic utilizes the advances in information and communication technologies to reach more farmers and extension workers; and share our work and results to the scientific community, academe, and the public. We have made access to rice information easier and faster through our Farmers’ Text Center (0920-911-1398) and Pinot Rice Knowledge Bank (w. Vow. Opinions. Com). Currently, we are working on the establishment of a Philippine Rice Academy, an advanced research and training academy, which will promote 21 SST century farm techniques.
These modern techniques are anchored on precision agriculture principles and practices and entail the use Of machines, information technologies, and biotechnology. Information System is also being utilized to help improve research and development, technology ministration and deployment, and rice production. Through system innovations, we have produced interactive electronic maps and web pages, real-time field data collection models, online databases, and directories.Through our projects on, among others, site and biophysical characterization, rice mapping, and decision-support system for intensive rice-based farming system, we aim to provide updated data and information for strategic planning and develop early warning systems. ; News Philippine rice stocks good for 77 days- Bureau of Agricultural Statistics (Bas) Filipino rice farmers urged to follow India – Philippines exports 15 metric tons of rice to Hong Kong ; Innovations Varietals Improvement Rice consumption is projected to increase at a rate corresponding to the population growth.To meet the increasing demand for rice, Philippic contain uses to develop varieties that respond well to varied rice ecosystems and attacks of pest and diseases.
In 2011, we have developed eight new early- maturing varieties for irrigated and rained lowland, and saline-prone areas. These varieties will not help farmers in adverse ecosystems achieve higher yield but also help reduce their expenses on fertilizers, irrigation, and fuel. Our breeders are continually searching for genetic variability to broaden the gene pool of rice cultivar.
They tap the genes in other gene pools such as the wild relatives of Razz and use non-conventional and innovative techniques such as induced mutation and wild hibernation. Several genes are now being pyramided to increase durable resistance through molecular marker- aided selection. Ongoing studies include developing varieties that are lodging- and herbicide-tolerant, tuning- and bacterial blight-resistant, and stronger hybrids. Direct wet-seeded rice and lines with early seedling vigor are also being developed.
Studies on plastic root systems also aid in breeding drought-resistance varieties. Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Environment factors contribute 20 percent in attaining good harvest; thus the need to help farmers adapt to climate change and ensure the country’s rice supply. Changing climate has adverse effects and impacts on rice production such as shifted crop growing period and reduced crop yields. Studies also show that increasing Philippine temperature may cause more than 30 percent production losses in rice farming communities that are unable to cope with pervasive heat.In response to the threat that climate change sees, we have started our work in developing rice varieties that can tolerate temperatures up to ICC.
We are also evaluating released varieties, breeding lines, and traditional varieties to develop or recommend varieties suited for drought-prone areas. We also optimize biotechnology tools to develop heat- and submergence-tolerant varieties. Incorporating the subs gene to popular and high-yielding varieties such as SSP Arch and NCSC Recur is also accelerated so these varieties could survive flooding for 14 days during the vegetative stage.Growing vegetables and rice in flood-prone areas would be ore productive through floating gardens. The potentials rice production technologies such as Placekick, Alternate Wetting and Drying Technology, Specific Site Nutrient Management, and Minus-One Element Technique in reducing methane emission are being studied.
No-tillage technology is also being pilot-tested not only to help mitigate climate change but also to reduce land preparation costs.Resource Conservation Intensive rice farming had led to the decline in farm productivity and increased deterioration of the soil. Philippic helps improve soil condition through long-term studies on organic and inorganic use of fertilizers and valuation of organic nutrient source and indigenous soil nutrient supply. Meanwhile, modern agriculture has contributed to the decrease in diversity Of plant genetic resources. With mono-culture-based farming practices and adoption of modern varieties, traditional rice varieties are gradually displaced.