The Seventh Five- Year Plan going ahead maintained the strategy of Sixth Plan and adopted the basic approach of “Sustainable development in harmony with environment”. It was emphasized that it may be any development programmer, it should inevitably and invariably must take environmental consideration fully into account.
For conservation of resources, involvement of the total population of the country was to be vouchsafed. Thus it made a paradigm shift in environment management process, which encompassed environmental planning, protection, monitoring, evaluation, assessment, research, education, conservation and sustainable SE of resources.The Eighth Five-Year Plan (1992-97) put in a special chapter on ‘Environment and Forest’ and effective measures were evolved to protect and correct the environment by protecting natural resources, regenerating and restoring degraded echo-systems, deconsecrating control over resources, formulating a new national policy for environment and an appropriate utilization and legal framework and enhancing the field Of accountability. The most important landmark of the plan was to make the regulatory mechanism and effective tool and instrument of environmental protection.Even after incorporation of Environment issues in Five Year Plans, the industrialization, rapid arbitration, modernization, deforestation, over exploitation of water and increase in vehicular traffic played havoc with environment and it became essential to take stock foreseeing conditions and develop a blue-print for preservation, abatement and control of environmental pollution. With a view to protecting and improving the environment, different legislations have been made and different regulations, rules have been issued. The Government of India, through its Ministry of Environment andForests is administering has enacted nation-wide comprehensive laws.
One of the major environmental enactments came, just two years after the Stockholm Conference, in 1974. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act was passed for the purpose of prevention and control of water pollution and for maintaining and restoring the wholesomeness of water. The Water Act represented Indian’s first attempt to deal with an environmental issue from a legal perspective.
From this period onwards, the Central Government has been considered as highly environmentally active.In 1976, he Constitution of India was amended to insert a separate fundamental duties chapter. The 1 sass witnessed the creation of many echo-specific organizations. In the year 1 980, the Forest (Conservation) Act was passed for the conservation of forests and to check on further deforestation.
The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act of 1 981 was enacted by invoking the Central Government’s power under Article-253. The Air Act contained several distinguishing features. The preamble of the Air Act explicitly reveals that the Act represents an implementation of the decisions made at the Stockholm Conference.