English and Japanese-Contrastive Analysis Contrastive Analysis: English and JapaneseThe majority of Japanese find learning English hard, especially learning to speak English is the hardest part for them. The main reasons of these difficulties are in English teaching system in Japan and the distinctive features of Japanese language. In Japanese schools, English are taught as academic purposes rather than practical one. Its teaching materials are emphasized more on grammatical rules or sentence patterns rather than the pronunciations or conversation. Therefore, students perform very well on writing or reading, but they perform poorly on speaking or pronouncing. Learning English through this teaching system, I experienced a lot of difficulties in having a conversation. When I first started to practice a conversation, I often try to translate sentences in my mind before I actually speak it.
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