Why I think like that; because there are a lot of researches and these are shows that workers are happier and more powerful when there is a union which gate their powers to deal with employer and sometimes with government. Also, when they need for example for legal advice there is place to go. In this study will explain firstly unions function and benefits. After that will give information about researches which support my idea and also I will explain researches do not agree with my idea and lastly I will finish my study with a conclusion.
According to the Wisped labor union defines like that “labor union is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve common goals such as protecting the integrity of its trade, achieving higher pay and benefits such as health care and retirement, increasing the number of employees an employer assigns to complete the work, safety standards, and better working conditions.The trade union, through its leadership, bargains with the employer on behalf of union members (rank and file members) and negotiates labor contracts (collective bargaining) with employers. The most common purpose of these associations or unions is “maintaining or improving the conditions of their employment”. This may include the negotiation of wages, work rules, complaint procedures, rules governing ring, firing and promotion of workers, benefits, workplace safety and policies. ” When we look at this definition, we can understand that labor union have critical role about workers future.Union bargain with employer and government about Wages, Work hours, Benefits, Workplace health and safety, Job training and other work-related issues Minimum wage Social security payments Overtime pay.
2-AN IMAGINATION WITHOUT UNION If we Imagine that there is no labor union and every worker will deal about these rights with boss and try to do take a good conditions. Can you believe hat a worker will affect employer merely. I do not think like that Because workers generally do not have enough information about these right truly, also they have to work and cannot wait until finding another job.Besides this, finding another job is not clear, so they will have to accept less rights that unions do. A union is an organized group of workers who collectively use their power to have a strength voice in their workplace. Through a union, workers have a right to impact and with this power worker can able to gain better conditions and rights.
3- QUANTITATIVE DATA ON THE BENEFITS OF LABOR UNIONSEmployer Costs for Employee Compensation provide occupational labor cost estimates for the entire nation. They compare union and nonunion pay differences among various occupational groups both in private industry and in state.According to Bureau of Labor Statistics Departments data we can see below hour costs of employer.
Occupational group Union Nonunion All workers $23. 04 $19. 84 Management, professional, and related $32. 95 $35. 70 Natural resources, construction, and maintenance $29. 69 $18. 71 Production, transportation, and material moving $21. 78 $14.
40 Sales and office $16. 60 $15. 98 Service $16. 17 $10. 16 When we look at this table and graph; it is understandable that union workers are more costly than nonunion workers. As a result, union workers earn more money when we compare with nonunion workers.
There is another information about compensation in long period which takes 199-2004 years. This is shown in chart which placed below and this chart shows Bureau of Labor Statistics Departments data’s. [Chart data-?TXT] According to this chart, Compensation costs for union workers in private industry increased TTT. 6 percent in 2004, significantly higher than nonunion workers.
According to another source which provided by Becquerel, Did Nard, and Valletta (2001) and Misses et al. (2003) union premiums for health, retirement, and paid leave information are given and placed in the table. 4- Barry T.Hirsch and Albert N. Link’s study which provides neutral opinion and does not support Harvard Study Barry T. Hirsch and Albert N. Link (The university of North Carolina at Greensboro) analyzed Harvard studies which claims that union’s increases productivity in a study (Unions, productivity, and Productivity Growth) and in the conclusion their explanations transferred below; “Harvard studies wowing that labor productivity is positively related to unionism need not be inconsistent with findings from R&D studies showing that total factor productivity growth is slower in more highly unionized industries.However, our empirical analysis indicates that productivity growth decreases with respect to both the growth and level in the proportion unionized.
In our opinion, these findings cast doubt on the generality and robustness of the results reported in the Harvard studies. A possible explanation for our lack of empirical support for C.V./IR view of unionism is that increases and decreases n unionism have an asymmetrical effect. One interpretation of the C.
V./IR view is that it is the change from nonunion to union status that increases productivity through the introduction of voice and the reduction in X- inefficiency.It need not follow, however, that stagnating or declining union representation leads to decreased productivity through poorer communication channels, and formalized work rules can be regarded as a stock of capital, and decreased unionism need not destroy this stock. While increased unionism conceivably may have the positive effects emphasized in he Harvard studies, it does not follow that declines in unionism will lead to productivity decreases Of an equal magnitude.Because Our study covers a period during which overall private-sector unionism was falling, it may not be surprising that we do not observe a positive relationship between Q and p. However, our reported finding of productivity growth being slower in industries with a greater proportion of union coverage and with faster union growth (or a slower decline) is suggestive.
We believe that the monopoly effects of union on productivity are probably more substantial and the costive productivity effects less substantial than the Harvard studies would suggest.At a minimum, the results presented here indicate that the complex relationship between unionism and productivity is not yet well understood. According to this study which done by Barry T. Hirsch and Albert N. Link, Harvard studies does not follow that declines in unionism will lead to productivity decreases of an equal magnitude and they claim that they not observed a positive relationship between decreasing unionism and productivity and lastly, they say that relationship between unionism and productivity is not completely clear yet.