Edmund Barton was the first Prime Minister of Australia.
He was a persistence person who worked hard for something he believed in strongly and started to transform six colonies to join together into one nation.Edmund Barton was born on 18 January 1849. He was the youngest son of English immigrant parents. From 1856 to 1858, he studied at Fort Street School and he was known as “Toby” to his schoolmates. After that, Edmund moved to Sydney Grammar School where he was school captain from 1863 to 1864.
Being at this school, Edmund made his long-lasting friendship with Richard O’Connor. His friend, Richard O’Connor, was the one of the people who helped him to transition six colonies to become one nation. Next, Edmund was enrolled at Sydney University.
At Sydney University, Edmund learned law and classic. Also, he took first prize in Lithgow Scholarship.Furthermore, Edmund completed BA and he worked for a solicitor. Then he got MA degree and he started to learn how to debate at Sydney Mechanic of Art.When Edmund was a young boy, he liked fishing and cricket. Consequently, he played as a fair batsman for university. He came to see Newcastle with his team where he met his wife, Jean Ross.
Therefore, he married Jean Ross on 28 December 1877. The same year of his marriage, he got involved in NSW colonial politics. By the time he was 34 years old, he had become the youngest speaker. He could control the disorderly members by removing them from the floor of Parliament. From 1887 to 1891, he was appointed to be a member of Legislative Council.Edmund was a person who strongly believed in Australia’s destiny as nation that is why he worked hard to develop a constitution of Federation. From 1893 to 1897, he had spoken out at 300 meeting in New South Wales.
He and his believers carried out a strong pro-federation to push on federation referendum. The constitution was agreed by large numbers in South Australia, Tasmania and Victoria, but it had not been accepted in New South Wales. Later on, he worked with George Huston who was a premier and tried to persuade the New South Wales voters to establish the federation. Therefore, the second referendum was carried out from April to July in 1899 and was accepted by South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and New South Wales.
Queensland voted for the first time on 2 September and the Bill accepted.Later, Edmund brought the Australian legislation to London in the early 1900 to talk about changing the constitution law which UK government had requested for and made sure the law was passed through the UK Parliament. On 9 July 1900, Queen Victoria gave permission to allow the federation law that had been created. By doing this job, he became Australia’s first Prime Minister on New Year Day in 1901 at Centennial Park.
Edmund Barton passed away on 7 January 1920 at Blue Mountains. His name was put on one of Canberra’s first suburbs.