Eating disorders are psychological problems that manifest in the feeding habits of the individual. In the long run, the eating disorders affect the physical well-being of the individual negatively. There are three most commonly known eating disorders. They include; binge eating disorders, bulimia disorders and anorexia nervosa (Basu & Chakraborty 175). These are mainly caused by stress and pressure from other external issues that spill over into the lifestyle of people. Anorexia and bulimia Nervosa often lead to people being dangerously underweight while binge eating disorder cause people to be overweight.
Binge eating occurs when a person eats a large quantity of food within a short time, uncontrollably. Bulimia Nervosa occurs when people eat a large quantity of food and then force themselves to throw it up in order to maintain low weight. Anorexia nervosa is a disorder where people eat too little food for fear of being weighty. Over weight cannot apply in this instance because they are never heavy in the first place.Bulimia nervosaBulimia nervosa is an eating disorder that results in the patients developing other complications such as breaking of teeth and thicker skin on the knuckles. Bulimia patients often eat a lot of food but take measures to get rid of the food from their systems. This is inclusive of forcing themselves to throw up, taking laxatives, fasting or even stimulants among others. People with bulimia are normally more difficult to point out unlike anorexia (Rushing, Jones, & Carney 221).
This is because the body weight of people with bulimia is not noticeably low. However, the effects of bulimia can be adverse. People suffering from bulimia are more prone to committing suicide, use of drugs, depression and anxiety disorders. Bulimia is usually caused by the environment within which the patient exists as well as genetic factors. When one person in a family has it, it raises the chances of another remember of the family suffering from the same.
Anorexia nervosaAnorexia nervosa is a disorder whereby the patient eats very little in a bid to maintain low weight. The patients of anorexia are usually thin and dangerously underweight. This because they eat less than the minimum amount their bodies can take.
Anorexia nervosa for the patients is an uncontrolled desire to remain thin and try to get thinner each day. The patients will often choose what to eat and when to eat. They are the same people who will eat little food an engage in rigorous exercises in a bid to maintain their low weight. For women, anorexia nervosa can cause their menstruation to stop. Generally, anorexia can cause infertility and cause damage to the heart. Anorexia is often experienced after the patients get through stressful events like bullying for being big.
(Terry, Connelly, & O’Neil 169) The people who suffer from this disorder mainly are athletes, models and dancers. These are careers and activities that view small body sizes as being perfect and ideal. The actual causes of anorexia have not been ascertained as yet.
Binge eating disorderBing eating disorder is an eating condition where the patient consumes a huge amount of food over a short period of time and regularly. These people differ from those with bulimia in that people with binge eating disorder do not purge. They eat and let the food remain in their bodies. As a result, after a short period of time, they gain weight and become over weight.
People with this condition often have an uncontrollable appetite and desire for food (Gruzca, Przybeck, & Cloninger 128). The disorder is characterised by the patient eating uncontrollably to a point where they feel over fed. They eat even when they are not hungry. After the eating activity, the patients may feel bad about their habit being uncontrollable and some of them eat in private to hide their addiction from people especially after people comment about their weight.
Bing eating is often caused by psychological problems such as depression, post traumatic phases and physical abuse among others.ConclusionTo conclude, eating disorders are very common in the society. Treatment for these disorders usually takes a very long time and requires cooperation from the patients and willingness to accept treatment. This is mainly because the treatment usually begins with handling the psychological issues that cause people to develop eating disorders.
The most dangerous of the three disorders judging by the effects they have on the patients is anorexia. Anorexia can lead to death more easily that the other two. This means that anorexia patients are hardest to treat and take a relatively longer time to recover. Eating disorders in the society need to be addressed with more seriousness. Awareness should be created so that the patients are not castigated for their problems but rather get the help they need. People who realize they might be suffering from eating disorders should be encouraged to seek professional help. For people with bulimia and anorexia should ensure that they get the right diet plans for maintaining their weight.
Those with binge eating disorders on the other hand should be helped with their psychological issues so that they can effectively control their appetites without being judged. Eating disorders should not be treated as personal choice issues because they are beyond the control of the patient.