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Down syndrome is a deformity where extra genetic materials lead to delays in child’s mental and physical development (Biederman, Stepaniuk, Davey, Raven and Ahn, 1999). Down syndrome is not a very common condition affecting about one in every 800 babies. The physical signs and symptoms of this condition vary from one child to another and so is the severity of the condition. This condition requires a lot of medical attention as well as therapy. Due to the fact that the disease is rare, there are very few people who know about it, just as there are few experts dealing with the condition (Hassold and Patterson, 1999).

This is a research on the causes of Down syndrome. The research carried out on physicians in hospitals around phoenix, together with a review of the available data on the topic. Research design and rationale Data collection on the causes of Down syndrome will be carried out using research questionnaires as well as use of data from secondary sources. The questionnaires will be administered to physicians in different hospitals who have specialized in treatment of Down syndrome. The questionnaires will have a detailed list of questions to be answered by the physicians (Mellenbergh, 2008).

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The questions will cover various aspects of the condition to ensure that conclusive information is obtained. They will cover in addition to the causes of Down syndrome other aspects of the condition like diagnosis, treatment and prevention among others. Questionnaires are administered to physicians since they are the most likely to have reliable information on the causes of Down syndrome since it is not very common (Leung, 2001). The rationale behind the use of questionnaire for this research is because doctors are very busy people.

This makes them the most effective tools of research in this case. The questionnaires will be given and enough time allowed giving them a chance to fill at their own free time. While they have the questionnaires, it is easier for them to remember to fill. Additionally, with structured questions allowed in a questionnaire, the respondent can go direct to the point, providing all the information required. Another benefit of using questionnaires is that there will be enough time to analyze the data without the fear of loosing it.

Having documented information is important in a research as it can be used any time and allows for seeking clarification. The research having been done in various hospitals, which would not be possible with other methods, there is the possibility for comparing information to come to the most accurate conclusion (Leung, 2001). Another instrument that will be used for the research is secondary data. Various researches on Down syndrome will be reviewed to gather insight on the research as well as compare the available information with whatever is gathered from the questionnaires.

Additionally, being a rare condition, it is not very easy to get enough physicians in a small area who are experts in this condition. However, it is easy to get enough information from researches that have already been done on the topic. Research from secondary data is cheaper and easier to access the information required (Schutt, 2006). Down syndrome being a rare condition, few people are aware of its causes. Through the use of the named instruments, this research will accomplish its objective which is educating the people on the causes of Down syndrome.

Information from experts is crucial and apart from secondary data, the other way that is reliable and effective in achieving this is the use of questionnaires (Hassold and Patterson, 1999). References: Biederman, G. , Stepaniuk, S. , Davey, V. , Raven, K. & Ahn, D. (1999). Observational Learning in Children with Down Syndrome and Developmental Delays: The Effect of Presentation Speed in Videotaped Models, Down Syndrome Research and Practice Vol 6 No. 1. Hassold, T. J. , & Patterson, D. eds. (1999).

Down Syndrome: A Promising Future, Together. New York: Wiley Liss. Leung, W. (2001). How to design a questionnaire, in British Medical Journal, Student Edition. Mellenbergh, G. J. (2008). Chapter 10: Tests and Questionnaires: Construction and administration. In H. J. Ader & G. J. Mellenbergh (Eds. ) Advising on Research Methods: A consultant’s companion (pp. 211–236). Huizen, The Netherlands: Johannes van Kessel Publishing Schutt, R. (2006). Investigating the Social World. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

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