Domestic violence challenges basic notions that make a person feel safe and secure and make it imperative to consider what constitutes safe environment.
Society makes us believe that home is the safest place for one and all rather than facing the mean world. However, this does not hold true for many women who could be caught off guard by violence in their own backyard. Reports of acts of domestic violence are on the rise.
However, many battered women might not be coming in to report their trauma. Domestic violence victim primarily tend to be women with men as the perpetuators.Domestic violence today can take the form of violent behavior or as a pattern of emotionally, psychological and financial abuse by controlling the victim’s behavior. Domestic violence in modern day is also present in varying degree and form across various households.
It is generally believed that women in lower income and minority groups might be mores susceptible to domestic violence. This can be contributed to their probable incapability to move out of the relationship owing to the financial pressures. Also cultural and social pressures in the society might prevent such women to move out of the relationship.However, studies also suggest that women leaving a troubled relationship and partner may be at higher risk of domestic violence than women who continue to live with the perpetuators. There could be many reasons why walking out a relationship might not be so easy for women. It ranges from giving chances to make the relationship work, lack of assertiveness to move out a relationship or insecurity arising due to social or financial support.
Traditionally the police avoided taking stern action against the perpetuators of domestic violence. It hesitated in responding assertively to calls for help in domestic violence situations.It considered it as a family matter where rather than starting criminal proceedings attempts at mediation and suggesting counseling were considered to be better options. Today domestic violence possess problem both for the society and the government. A lot of tax payer’s money is spent on the healthcare of women affected by domestic violence and seeking care and counseling. Preventing incidence of domestic violence and helping women deal effectively with repeat incidences of domestic violence is one of the key challenges for the administration.To deal with domestic violence and prevent repeat instances the administration needs to take the following measures: – Educate the police officers on the subject areas and investigation procedures to be followed – Use learning’s from the judicial systems inputs on dealing with such cases – Women should be provided financial assistance if needed to pursue the legal recourse – The administration should continue to support it efforts for preventing and reducing instances of domestic violence against women by educating the society on its various facetsOn most occasions it is up to the police officer to take a call on who are the perpetuator and the victim of domestic violence.
It is very difficult for the officer to comprehend what has transpired prior to his arrival at the complaint scene. Many times judicial system also relies on the investigation of the police officer. Hence it is very important that sufficient training and guidance is provided to police officers to deal with domestic violence.
This could make a difference in a person getting a disorderly conduct charge or a more battery charges for the same offence.There are a number of domestic violence specialist officers trained these days to help other officers investigating cases of domestic violence. The specialists also help in the healing process post the initial investigation is over. The specialists also interact with social workers in the designated area to ensure that the victim and the perpetuator if needed are counseled. Counseling centers are equally important as today many women do not know how to approach the problem and they need guidance on same. They might also not have the required resources to effectively take on the perpetuators of domestic violence.
Also women might not want their partners to face the judicial system and in turn might be looking for counseling for their partners. Domestic violence against women would tend to reduce as women continue to have alternatives. Today, US has the maximum percentage of single women it has ever had. More women are now becoming financially secure and they are pursuing goals erstwhile considered a male bastion. This coupled with increasing support and guidance through legislation, social cover, counseling centers and hot lines are already helping women being exposed to domestic violence.Women are becoming more powerful in their relations and hence their ability to better control and prevent acts of domestic violence would grow incrementally in the future.
Women are also more likely in future to leave relationships which are abusive in nature. This theory is also supported by the fact that currently women having high income are least subject to abusive behavior. The minority communities or women with less alternatives and low income are more suspect to abusive behavior.There would also be more mediations as women might be in a better position to strike a compromise in relationships based on their terms. Instead of going through the messy and at times long drawn process of bringing the perpetuator to task, women might increasingly prefer to opt for repairing their relationships.
Reference: Krista M. Gragg: The restoring career opportunities program. Retrieved from https://oregoncis. uoregon. edu/pdf/keywords/Gragg_Article. pdf on 04/16/07 Murray A. Straus: Domestic violence and homicide antecedents.Retrieved from http://pubpages.
unh. edu/~mas2/hm1. pdf on 04/16/07 Sharon Maxwell and Karen Oehme: Strategies to improve supervised visitation services in domestic violence cases. Retrieved from http://www. mincava. umn. edu/documents/commissioned/strategies/strategies. pdf on 04/16/07 Danilo Yanich: Dealing with domestic violence.
Retreived from http://www. udel. edu/ccrs/pdf/DomesticViolenceInFamilyCt. pdf on 04/16/07 Robert A Pollak: An intergenerational model of domestic violence. Retrieved from http://www. olin.
wustl. edu/faculty/pollak/dv10-02. pdf on 04/16/07