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Domestic violence is a form of violence that occurs in a situation of intimate or family relationship. Females usually are often victims of this form of violence (Bakare, Asuquo, & Agomoh, 2010). Therefore, domestic violence can be defined as physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional and verbal abuse between people who have at some time had an intimate or family relationship. This article is concerned with domestic violence against women in an intimate or family relationship. This would exclude childhood abuse which could also be seen as a form of domestic violence in the context of above definition. Domestic violence has been defined by the World Health Organisation – WHO (2011) as the range of sexually, psychologically and physically coercive acts used against women by current or former male intimate partners whilst women, men, boys and girls can be victims of domestic violence; women and girls are disproportionately affected. Furthermore, the UN General Assembly, in adopting the 1993 declaration on the elimination of violence against women defined gender-based violence as any art of violence that results in physical, sexual, or psychological harm or suffering of women; including threats of such acts, coercion, or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life (Population Reference Bureau, 2001). Hence, domestic violence involves a wide range of events by a current or past partner that could lead to the discomfort of women at home.

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