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Diversity is a highly-debated topic in America today.Cities across the country are attempting various solutions to rectify the lack of diversity issue. One of the most segregated cities in America today, according to researchers is Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Research proves that different people live in different parts of Milwaukee. It has been said that black people live on the northside and white people live in the suburbs. To create a better future, Milwaukee needs a change. Researchers have proposed a list of solutions to Milwaukee’s problems.They are trying to change the problem for a better future.One of the things that they have done is kill the law that bars discrimination in housing. Milwaukee is also getting help from the Milwaukee Bucks. The Bucks have a plan to hire Milwaukee residents for the building of the new arena.At the time, Milwaukee was one of the most segregated cities in the nation. Basically, black people lived on the city’s north side, and whites lived on the south side. The same hold true today, although Hispanics are now the majority in the south, and Asian-Americans make up the city’s west side. White have mostly moved to the suburbs.(Why is Milwaukee So Bad For Black People)  A large number of African Americans had moved to Milwaukee during and after World War II, and by the 1960s they accounted for 15 percent of the population. Most of Milwaukee African American population is near the north side of MIlwaukee,which in 1960s had become a site of increasing volatility due to limited job opportunities ,poverty, and segregation.(Desegregation and Civil Rights)  Before the law, Milwaukee’s African-American residents faced discrimination in housing and was refused housing if they left segregated neighborhoods. The Alderwoman Vel Phillips introduced the open housing legislation in 1962.( Milwaukee’s struggle for civil rights)  One year before explosive open housing demonstration on, August 28 of 1966 in Wauwatosa the Milwaukee NAACP youth council began to march.( Milwaukee’s struggle for civil rights) In August 1967, after five years of inaction by city officials, the NAACP Youth Council decided to protest in Kosciuszko Park to the Common Council’s refusal to pass an open housing ordinance.(Desegregation and Civil Rights) August of 1967 didn’t just expressed the frustration of the black community  but also brought the wrath of 3 to 5 thousand white residents who didn’t want to change, shouted obscenities and threw objects at  marchers, particularly, at marchers leader Father James Groppi, a white Catholic priest who played an important role in the dramatizing the segregated housing situation in Milwaukee.(Desegregation and Civil Rights)  In 1968, weeks after the federal government passed its landmark measure, the common council made the fair housing law official. Since the fair housing law passed, a city government reports that affluent, nonwhite Milwaukeeans were 2.7 times likelier to be denied home loans than white people with similar incomes.(nyti.ms) Even Tho Milwaukee adoption of the open housing was ordinance ended the more militant phase of the civil rights movement in Milwaukee, there were loopholes in the federal and city housing policies allowed segregation to continue.(Desegregation and Civil Rights) Some city were happy for this law pass like New Berlin,who blocked the housing development ,and was sued by the federal government,which accused the city of racial bias. But some people around Milwaukee were surprised that only 11.1% of African Americans in the region lives in the suburbs.(nyti.ms) Segregation and discriminatory practices in Madison, though perhaps less publicized, were no less common than in Milwaukee.(Desegregation and Civil Rights) Federal housing laws  have never been vigorously enforced at the local or national levels, and many neighborhoods just didn’t or don’t seem to welcome black residents. African Americans have moved out of the city, they’ve done so by moving into Northwest Side neighborhoods that had once been home.(Reggie Jackson on Milwaukee’s Racial Segregation)While many white residents were proud that blacks were not discriminated in restaurants, public transportation, hotels, schools, or hospitals, But African Americans still faced an inferior situation in both employment and housing.Unlike Milwaukee, Madison did not have the industrial manufacturing sector to hire unskilled and semiskilled workers, While few businesses openly admitted to discriminatory hiring policies, these practices persisted throughout the 1960s and 1970s. So like Milwaukee’s poor housing and residential segregation led African Americans to campaign for open housing laws in Madison.(Desegregation and Civil Rights)Residential segregation  produced school segregation.   In 1960 survey of school, that the NAACP found that schools in MIlwaukee’s central city was ninety percent black. In August of 1963 the first civil rights group named the  Congress of Racial Equality or (CORE) started in MIlwaukee.  Core was important in the fight for civil right in Milwaukee. National forces had a hand in shaping Milwaukee’s demographics and residential patterns.There were Federal, State, and Local laws which limited blacks, Latinos,Jews, and Asians from buying, rent or occupy property in large areas of Milwaukee County for decades. The Black population grew as a result of the manufacturing job boom during World War II and the post-war years, which provided family supporting jobs for tens of thousands. My great grandfather was a part of the great migration of African Americans who migrated from the rural south to the northern cities.   My great grandfather, Garfield Springer  came from Eldorado, Arkansas in 1947 looking for manufacturing jobs and the promise of a better life.  He was considering  Gary, Indiana and Milwaukee, Wisconsin.  However, the racial segregation and limited housing space in Milwaukee for African Americans forced him to choose Gary, Indiana and Inland Steel.    Racially restrictive communties were outlawed by the Fair Housing Act of 1968.  However, Milwaukee real estate agents common practice of steering black homebuyers toward certain neighborhoods and away from white neighborhoods  produced the same kind of segregation the Fair Housing Act was trying to eliminate. (shepherd express) In May of 1964 (CORE) organized a boycott of black schools that drew the participation of more than half of the African American students. On 1965, a man named Lloyd Barbee filed a lawsuit that challenged  segregation in the Milwaukee’s public schools, the first of its kind in the nation. Barbee demanded that Milwaukee end the illegal but real segregation of its schools. He explained that the Milwaukee School Board had drawn district boundaries by, the segregated housing patterns and other discriminatory policies, citing as evidence most of the schools outside the city has less than  ten percent African American students. More than ten years later on the date January 19, 1976 a Federal Judge John Reynolds was the judge  that ruled Milwaukee’s school were illegally segregated, and ordered the school board to  immediate integrate the schools. The Milwaukee school board appealed the decision to the U.S. Supreme Court, which means they order a new trial. After three years, in March of 1979, the case was settled and the school board agreed to implement a five-year desegregation plan for the school board,though not perfect, it begins to fix some schooling issues.(Desegregation and Civil Rights) Milwaukee like most cities was happy to stay segregated nationality. People who came here from the old world probably did not really come here to become “Americans”, they came here for  a chance to earn a living that would allow them to own their own “Castle” so to speak, something they could not do in the old world. Like the saying Birds of the feather love to flock together, and that means people who are the same race like to stay or live together. Another problem is not every culture wants to live  other culture, and not all culture have the same income and education desires equally.(Reggie Jackson on Milwaukee’s Racial Segregation)To conclude that there is a big problem in milwaukee, but looking at our past the change is coming.

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