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Displacement theory shows a good explanation of how forgetting takes place in Atkinson and Shiffrin’s (1968 cited in simply psychology) model of short-term memory, which suggests short term memories needs to go through multiple processes of retrieval to be introduced into the long term storage of memory, but it is known that STM more complex than suggested by Atkins and Shiffrin’s model. It is difficult to tell if forgetting from STM happens due to displacement or decay. Cue-dependent forgetting is another theory that occurs when information is still in the long-term memory, but cannot be accessed, but sees recall as dependent upon retrieval cues. There are 2 types: context dependent failure forgetting based upon failure to retrieve the prompts that trigger recall, this occurs with external retrieval cues.

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