This paper aims to evaluate fictional publication of Mulk Raj Anand and Richard Wright from the perspective of social justice and liberation. Anand is marked by a heartiest desire to probe India’s marginalized people, while Wright related with logic and artistic temperament for Blacks as social and Psychological humanity. Both novelist believes in human equality and mutual respect, Their humanism manifests itself in a realistic Sketch of the situation by oppressed masses, suffering various types of disability, discrimination and alienation.
Anand’s humanism was the natural outcome of his childhood experiences with synthesis of western though in novel, “Man is the measure of al things”. The simmering anger and impatience that one often feels in his works, are the product of his passion for social justice and human dignity. Anand have been influenced by Marxian thinking and approaches to social reality. His disaffection with religion and his scant respect to superstitions with fears are parallel with Marxism. His socialist and modernist conception about modern India is without doubt an echo of Gandhi, Tagore and Nehru.
Richard Wright resembles Anand in most of his characteristics as a writer. He too is a committed artist with a missionary zeal for the restoration of dignity to his people. He has succeeded in creating credible characters, substantive stories and enthralling with absorbing plots. While Anand doesn’t conceals his sensation and political posturing on occasion, Wright merely shows contradiction and leaves it to the reader to make his own Judgment or inference. Where Wright wants to indicate the arrogance and imperialism of the American, he takes recourse to the ironic or satiric mode.
K.R. Srinivasa Iyengar has devoted a Chapter to Mulk Raj Anand. The writer pays a rich tribute to Anand for his portrayals as outcome of his personal knowledge and experience of such out castes in his life, and identification with their lot. He declares ‘Untouchable’ as most compact and artistic, ‘Coolie’ as most extensive in time and ‘two leaves and a bud’ as the most effective piece of sarcasm and satire. Iyengar comments the terrific intensity and concentration of the ‘Big Heart’ and Anand’s familiarity with the treated themes. Later, he expressed appreciation of the Anand for autobiographical strand, secure of history and narrative power critical comments on “Private life of a Indian Prince”. He further aids the Anand’s remarkable quality as vitality and sense of actuality. Iyengar’s critics is quite perceptive and unbiased in his book, ‘The elephant and the lotus’: A study of the Novels of Mulk Raj Anand.