The aged population holds the rights to the most life experience and trials. The aged population shows their stories on their faces and what it means to live. Many elders when facing the ends of their lives have to face certain issues and trends. The aged will endure changes concerning their physical, cognitive, and psychosocial abilities. He or she will come upon many milestones in late adulthood but there are many ways to help contribute to successful aging. The aged population deal with a multitude of biological factors that pertain to the aging process.
Though it may seem appropriate to assume that chronological age would be a good indicator it is not. “The programmed effects of specific genes and the random cellular events believed to underlie biological aging make physical declines more apparent in late adulthood,” (Berk, 2007, p. 565). Many factors contribute to the biological factors in the aging community, which includes a breakdown of the nervous system, sensory systems, Immune system as well as the cardiovascular and respiratory system.
In late adulthood it is imperative to keep in good health and routine doctor’s visits may help in the prevention of certain illnesses. In keeping with a healthy lifestyle, the elderly community must also be conscious of their amount of physical activity. With the health issues of weakening bones, and weakening muscle strength, may make physical activities more difficult and dangerous. However, along with aging existing as multidimensional, the physical capabilities for the late adulthood community are also multidimensional.
If an elderly person is suffering from physical setbacks as well as bad health this may cause other issues such as depression and fatigue. Lacking the fitness to complete everyday mobility may make an elderly person feel like a burden on those who take care of him or he. Many ways exist in which the late adulthood community can prevent deteriorating health conditions from exercise deemed suitable by a doctor as well as proper nutrition. Vitamin supplements are available at local drugstores, which may promote decreased bone decay and leads to a decreased risk of infectious illness.
Technology also offers benefits for the aged to help in their mobility that did not exist half a century ago. Motorized power chairs, health alert bracelets, and pill alarms are helping the late adulthood community live longer. New drugs also have helped with certain medical conditions such as arthritis, which may cause limited mobility. Memory loss, problem-solving capabilities, and language processing are scary aspects of aging that many must face. Alzheimer’s disease is a form of dementia and according to Berk, p. 580, “Approximately 8 to 10 percent of people over age 65 have the disorder,” (2007).
Memory loss and language processing are in close approximation in the aged community. Often memory loss accounts for not remembering certain words or phrases and this makes communicating much more difficult. A cognitive capability that elders seem to excel at in their age is problem solving. It is proven that the aged community is more capable of making IADL’s decisions much better than young, and middle aged adults. Many may assert this to the fact that elderly folks have much higher life experience and wisdom that only comes with older ages.
Many younger adults may argue that the elderly community is forgetful, slow, and unable to work. People do not understand how folks in late adulthood can make better decisions because of their life experiences. “People make better choices when they rely on emotions and past experiences, and older adults may excel in this condition,” (Pederson Publishing, Inc, 2007, p. 1). People in later adulthood possess a certain wisdom that can be achieved only from a life with many years behind it. Practical knowledge and problem solving are among other attributes that the elderly mind may function well at.
Problem-solving becomes more efficient in late adulthood, especially when it is used in everyday issues. The fear of dying is common among many people no matter what age. Many factors affect the way that people can cope with dying. People may view death in a broad context of opinions and feelings. A teenager may not think about their death or another’s because they live life more in the moment. However, someone in late adulthood may have death constantly on his or her mind. They either choose to accept it as part of life or may dwell on it enough that it makes their quality of life less.
Each different part of a human’s lifespan will have certain feelings depending on their age as well as experiences with deaths of family and friends. Biologically, dying takes place in three stages that includes the agonal phase, clinical death, and mortality. Biological factors pertaining to a person may have a great deal to do with how he or she copes with death. If a person knows that biologically they are told they do not have much time left they may either try to live out the rest of his or her time making the best of each moment or simply let what he or she knows make it harder to cope with.
Psychologically, coping with death is hard whether he or she is dying or he or she knew someone that has died. The mind is an easy place to dwell and according to Kubler Ross’s theory of typical responses to dying p. 662, these responses include “denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance,” (2007). Personality has a large effect on how a person deals with death because people handle situation’s differently. If a person is a more open minded he or she has an easier time accepting death as part of life’s journey.
When coping with a death psychologically, it is imperative that an individual may have easier days by existing pain free and can make amends in personal relationships he or she has acquired over the years. Death is hard as well on family members psychological well being as well when coping with a loved one’s death. Many options exist for help dealing with adjustments such as hot lines, counseling, and therapy. It can be very hard moving on when someone loved has passed on. Social qualities of a dying person’s life may determine to what extent he or she can enjoy their last days.
Family members may offer hope in a time of fear and help complete last tasks that a dying person could not do him or herself. Often many people chose to isolate themselves from the dying person as this is how he or she cope’s with a loved one’s impending death. Roles within the family unit may also be reversed and a person who used to be the primary care-giver is now being taken care of. An important factor to remember when coping with death is to honest with everyone involved about the impending death.
Often time being open and discussing the future one death has been accepted by all parties can create a loving and bonding relationship. A wide range of ethical issues such as euthanasia, passive euthanasia, and voluntary active euthanasia may come up in a dying process. Socially, people hold many different opinions about the subject of euthanasia and can lead to very debatable conversations resulting in tension within a family. A person’s culture not only may have a presence on how they accept death but also how they he or she prepares for it as well.
A culture with a strong spiritual base may use the power of prayer, and certain ceremonies. When a person knows they are dying, developing something not only to believe in but also focus on as well is a tremendous help for certain feelings of anxiety. Monotheistic religions, cultures that worship ancestors, Buddhism, Hinduism, and even how one may tell a person about death needs to be taken into consideration. “For many cultures, such a direct approach may seem harsh, and decisions about something like organ donation might be experienced as inhumane immediately upon death,” (Carteret, 2011, p.1).
Once a loved one has passed on it can be an especially emotional time filled with anxiety for family and friends. This process called bereavement involves many cultural aspects and feelings associated with loss of life. The grieving process may affect all individuals differently depending on personality traits, spiritual views and cultural influences. Many theorists believe that there are parts of the grieving process that a person must go through finally to start living a normal and psychologically healthy life again. According to Berk, p. 655, “A more accurate account compares grief to a roller-coaster ride with many up’s and down’s and, over time, gradual resolution,” (2007).
Avoidance and confrontation are a part of the moving on process and can take some time to accomplish. Individual and circumstantial factors both contribute to how a person may deal with a loved one’s death. Knowing that a love one is in the process of dying may give a person more preparation time socially, psychologically, and spiritually to cope. However, an unexpected death may sustain different feelings in the bereavement process.
The feeling of shock and overwhelming not understanding may consume a person when a loved one has passed. The loss of a child or even how a person dies is a part of death that can be very hard to take in and process for family members. A person grieving the loss of a life partner who has slept next to him or her for many years can cause extreme emotional feelings that can be very difficult to surpass. Everyone will experience the unexplainable feelings that come along with losing someone close to his or her heart.
Everyone will also experience his or her own death when the time comes and weather expected or sudden it will externally affect those who love us. It is important to take into consideration all the aspects that will contribute to the death of a person and his or her family. In the inspirational words of Albert Einstein, “Our death is not an end if we can live on in our children and the younger generation. For they are us, our bodies are only wilted leaves on the tree of life,” (quotationgarden. com, 2010, p. 1). Bibliography Berk, L. (2007). Development Through the Lifespann.
Pearson Education, Inc. Carteret, M. (2011). Cultural Aspects of Death and Dying. Retrieved June 26, 2011, from Dimensions of Culture: http://www. dimensionsofculture. com/2010/11/cultural-aspects-of-death-and-dying/ Pederson Publishing, Inc. (2007, May 15). Life’s Experiences Sharpen Elderly’s Decision-Making Skills. Retrieved June 26, 2011, from The Caregiver’s Home Companion: http://www. caregivershome. com/news/article. cfm? UID=1395 quotationgarden. com. (2010, November 18). Quotations About Death. Retrieved June 26, 2011, from The Quote Garden: http://www. quotegarden. com/death. html