Running head: CONTROLLED DRUG USE: IS ADDICTION A “DISEASE”? Application: Controlled Drug Use: Is Addiction A “Disease”? 5/15/2011 Controlled Drug Use: Is Addiction a “Disease”? Alcoholism is a disease in which the intake of alcohol becomes intense.
Many of us drink alcohol to socialize which is not alcoholism. In the United States more than half of all individuals at least from time to time drink beverages that contain alcohol (NSDUH, 2008). An alcoholic is a recurrent usual.
Alcohol affects the central nervous system depressant, dulls the senses especially vision and hearing.There are signs that profile an alcoholic the shakes, disorientation, they cannot think and function on your job. “In general, people who abuse alcohol, drink large amounts regularly, and they become depend on alcohol which allow them to do things that would otherwise make them anxious”(Comer, 2011). There are numerous sources that lead a person to alcoholism.
The patterns of misuse of alcohol can cause dependence. According to Comer (2011) a person bodies build up a tolerance for alcohol, and they need to drink ever greater amounts to feel its effects.There are controversial issues regarding to substance-related disorders.
Is it possible for individuals with substance-related disorders, such as those who abuse alcohol, to moderate their drug use instead of taking the abstinence approach to treatment? This is a fundamental question. As I look back, on the days that I spent dealing with a loved one who consumed himself with alcohol. It was hard to see a man who once had control, then loss it and fade into darkness. Its seem as if he had no control.This dreaded disease controlled him, where as he lost his job and his family. It takes the loss of his family before he saw that this is not the life for him.
He has been sober for 20 years, but he would tell you that, it is a day to day healing. Even after 20 years of sobriety he still gets the desire to take a sip or two. He still has his support team. He will tell you that he could not go cold turkey. He had to go through the treatment phase, in order to beat his battle with alcohol. He also had to change his habits and friends.There are numerous causes that may lead to alcoholism. There are mental, societal, and inherited factors that can be associated to alcoholism.
The theoretical argument is that many alcoholics feel a feeling of dependency and insufficiency. Alcohol can give them a fabricated resolution to face reality. They are not proficient of feeling confident to function in the real world. Social could be another factor in an alcoholic life.
Many alcoholics start and begin discreetly due to social or peer reinforcement.They build up passion and mandate leading to increasing intake. Eventually, alcoholic consumption cans developments beyond control. In addition, genetics is another factor. Most family that has a history of alcoholism is more likely someone in their family develop alcoholism. My uncle drink himself to death, and his son death was also related to alcohol. The second controversial issue is a substance-relate disorder a disease. For years professional medical organizations recognized alcoholism as a primary, chronic, progressive and sometimes fatal disease.
The National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence proposals an elaborated and full meaning of alcoholism, but presumable the easiest way to depict it is “a mental obsession that causes a physical compulsion to drink”(http://alcoholism. about. com). The modern disease theory of alcoholism states that problem drinking is sometimes caused by a disease of the brain, characterized by altered brain structure and function (http://en. wikipedia. org). Within the medical and scientific communities, alcoholism existed and accepted as a disease.
The American Medical Association (AMA) had declared that alcoholism was an illness in 1956 (http://en. ikipedia. org/wiki/Disease_theory_of_alcoholism). In addition, in 1991 the AMA more recognized the dual classification of alcoholism by the International Classification of Diseases under both psychiatric and medical sections (http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Disease_theory_of_alcoholism). I think this disease has hit everybody family.
This is a world problem. “The disorder also plays a role in more than one-third of all suicides, homicides, assaults, rapes, and accidental deaths, including 30 percent of all fatal automobile accidents in the United States” (Ksir et al. 2008; Yi et al. , 2005). References Buddy, T. Alcoholism As a Disease: But It Doesn’t Act Like a Disease! Retrieved January 11, 2011 from http://alcoholism.
about. com/cs/info2/a/aa022697. htm Alcohol-Frequently Asked Questions: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (n. d. ). Retrieved from http://en. wikepedia.
org/wiki/Disease_theory_of_alcoholism#cite_note-1 Comer, R. J. (2011). Fundamentals of abnormal psychology. (6th ed. ). New York, NY: Worth Publishers Leshner, A. I.
(2003). Addiction is a Brain Disease, and It Matter, Focus. n.
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htm Ksir, C. , Hart, C. L. , & Oakley, R. (2008). Drugs, society, and human behavior. (12th ed.
). Boston: MCGraw-Hill NSDUH. (2008). National survey on drug use.
Washington, DC: Department of Health and human services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. Yi, H. Y. , et al. (2005).
Trends in alcohol-related traffic fatalities in the United States, 1977-2003. (NIAAA Surveillance Report No. 71). Bethesda, MD: USPHS.