Comprehending learning materials can be a difficultyfor several students, especially for those who need more time to understand thematerials given by the teacher. However, the teacher cannot force every studentto have the same ability to comprehend the materials at the same time. There isa learning strategy that can be used to help students to comprehend thelearning materials called learning journal. This strategy will help students tokeep a record of what they had learned in the class, so they can use it as atool to review the previous materials. Therefore, there are several stages ofapplying learning journal as a strategy to help students in comprehending thelearning materials, such as rethinking, associating, and rewriting, andevaluating. Thefirst stage that the students need to do is rethinking.
In this stage, thestudents have to rethink the topic of the previous learning material in theclass. Also, they have to rethink of what they have studied on that day, thingsthat they understand and do not understand, their difficulties related to thematerials, and their opinions toward the subject, the teacher, and theteaching-learning activities. Thesecond stage is associating the whole information that the students receive.The students will be able to gather the information of the learning materialsthat they have learned on that day. Moreover, not only can the students usetheir comprehension, notes, but also other sources to complete their learningjournals so that they can use it to comprehend the learning materials easily. Aftergathering the information about learning materials, the third stage isreflecting the students’ knowledge and comprehension by rewriting it in thelearning journal. The students need to write started from the topic, date, andthings that they have associated before related to the materials.
The studentscan also write what they have done to solve their difficulties related to thematerials. However, writing learning journal will help the students to keep arecord of the previous learning materials. Thelast stage of applying learning journal as a strategy to help students tocomprehend learning materials is evaluating both the students and the teacher.The students need to evaluate what they have learned, and what they need to doin order to help them comprehend the learning materials better. Besides, afterreceiving the learning journal from the students, the teacher has to evaluatewhat the students’ need and difficulties in comprehending the learningmaterials.
Immediately, he/she will be able to improve the teaching-learningprocess to support the students’ comprehension. By following those stages ofapplying learning journal, the learning materials will be easier to becomprehended because the students already have the records of every material inevery meeting. They will be able to solve their difficulties as soon aspossible while writing learning journal that they can look for other sources orask questions to the teacher. Moreover, what they need to comprehend thelearning materials have been provided by the teacher since they submit theirlearning journals to the teacher at the next meeting.
Thus, the teacher can useit as a reflection to improve the teaching-learning activities better so thatthe students will more enjoy participating in the class.