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             ChildhoodObesity and Its Effects on Population Health AlaynaGroce ColumbiaSouthern University               ChildhoodObesity and its Effects on Population HealthWhenit comes to decision making, a child’s weight seems to spark some disagreement.This paper is composed of two research articles that discuss how stoutness istaking over young adolescents. The purpose of this paper is to bring referenceto childhood obesity and some of the social factors that contribute to thedisease.

  It also will discuss how it isbecoming more of a growing ethical concern in public health practice andepidemiology studies.  Last the paperdiscusses what regulations policy makers have in place to make prevention lesscontroversial.SummarySocialFactorsSahooet al. (2015) found that, Socio-traditional variables have additionally beenfound to impact the growth of being overweight. Our general public tends toutilize nourishment as a reward, to control others, and as a component ofsocializing (as cited in Budd & Hayman, 2008, 113-7). Sahoo et al.

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(2015)argue that these services of nourishment can support the advance of unfortunateassociations with sustenance, in this manner expanding the danger of creatingcorpulence (as cited in Moens, Braet, Bosmans & Rosseel, 2009).ImpactSahoo et al. (2015) argue that, The socialresults of stoutness may add to proceeding with trouble in weight control.Overweight adolescents tend to shield themselves from negative remarks and harshoutlooks by withdrawing to safe spots, for example, their homes, where they maylook for nourishment as a solace.

(as cited in Niehoff, 2009, p.17-23Furthermore, kids who are overweight tend to have less companions than ordinaryweight kids, which brings about less social connection and play, and additionaltime spent in inactive activities (as cited in Niehoff, 2009, p.17-23).  As previously mentioned from Sahoo et al.

(2015), physical movement is frequently more troublesome for overweight andstout kids as they tend to get shortness of breath and regularly experienceserious difficulties staying aware of their friends. This thus definitelybrings about weight pick up, as the measure of calories devoured surpasses themeasure of vitality burned (as cited in Niehoff, 2009, p.17-23).  Family ImpactAchild’s parent(s) or guardian(s) can be another leading influence on obesity inchildren. The food that a child has access to in the house can be an influenceon their overall health. Sahoo et al. (2015) found that, “Studies have shownthat having an overweight mother and living in a single parent household areassociated with overweight and childhood obesity” (as cited in Moens, Braet,Bosmans & Rosseel, 2009).EthicalConsiderations in Childhood ObesityAccorcingto Perryman & Sidoti (2015) , When choosing which treatment alternative ismost valuable for the stout child, the essential thought is if the soundness ofthe youngster is being traded off by the chubbiness.

At that point the guardianmust decide the viability of other accessible weight reduction alternativeslastly, the official limit of the tyke must be assessed. This implies thechild(adolescent) must know about the distinctive aspects of the counteractiveaction occurring. Some of these preventions are as per the following: surgery(alongside the perils and the advantages), the likelihood of the risks andfocal points happening, and the profound established duty in regards tosurgical improvement (as cited in Gallagher, 2010, 231-234).Perryman & Sidoti (2015) thinkthat, While the health care professional must determine if the child has thisability, it is the parent or guardian who must give consent for the child. Thisbecomes problematic when parents and their children do not agree on surgery totreat obesity (as cited in Pratt, Lenders, & Dionne,2009, p 901-910). Perryman& Sidoti (2015) mention that, Parents may focus on the perceived negativephysical and psychological consequences of their child’s obesity and attempt topersuade the child’s assent (as cited in Pratt, Lenders,& Dionne,2009, p 901-910).EthicalIssue of Diagnosing ObesityPerryman& Sidoti (2015) mention that, Arranging kids as corpulent creates its ownarrangement of moral concerns. BMI, a proportion of weight to stature, hasgenerally been utilized to survey overweight in grown-ups and keeps on beingthe most prominent standard for measuring stoutness.

In any case, Perryman & Sidoti (2015) acknowledge that as BMIis currently reliably utilized for estimating the tyke and youthful populace,it has moved toward becoming scrutinized because of the physical developmentand advancement expected in this group (as cited in Huerta, Gdalevich &Tlashadze, 2007, p. 573-578).PsychosomaticFactors Depressionand Anxiety Accordingto Sahoo et al. (2015), A current review determined that a great number ofstudies discovered a potential connection between eating conflicts and unhappiness(as cited in Goldfield, 2010, p. 186-92). Moreover, Sahoo et al. (2015) state that in a clinical example of stoutyoung people, a higher life-time commonness of nervousness issue was accountedfor contrasted with non-fat controls (as cited in Britz, 2000, p.

1707-14). Academic cost  Accordingto Sahoo et al. (2015), Adolescence heftiness has additionally been found toadversely influence school execution. An examination thinks about presumed thatoverweight and fat youngsters were four times more inclined to report havingissues at school than their typical weight peers (Schwimmer, 2003, p. 1813-9). Policy Holders Roles andRegulations Oneethical concern that sparks debate is giving a child autonomy in deciding whichroute is the best weight prevention for his/her body.  Sahoo et al. (2015) address that, independence,or the privileges of patients to freely self-oversee and select alternatives inview of their own desires, is relinquished as kids are not ready to settle onwellbeing related decisions.

Self-governance would enable the kid to make andactualize an arrangement, and in addition effectively seek after that pickedpredetermination (as cited in Gallagher, 2010, p. 231-234). Be that as it may,legitimately and morally, that obligation tumbles to the parent.

This raisesdoubt about the parent’s capacity to settle on choices to the greatestadvantage of the corpulent kid, given the present wellbeing conditionAccordingto Perryman & Sidoti (2015) Nonmaleficence, orto do no mischief, is another commitment helping experts need to forgo activitiesthat hazard harming patients. While examining treatment alternatives for thestout tyke, which mediations do no damage? (as cited in Van et al., 2014). Perryman& Sidoti (2015) state, There are changing degrees of physical, social, andpassionate, dangers related with pharmacotherapy, family-based treatment, andbariatric surgery.

The slightest obtrusive of these is family-based treatmentfor adolescence heftiness; in any case, new research has discovered that parentinspiration is a critical factor in this sort of intervention, as is parentalweight loss (as cited in Van et al., 2014& Hunter H, Steele R, Steele M, 2008).Whileconducting the research Perryman & Sidoti (2015) discovered that as helpingexperts are setting up committed associations with families and patients, trustis foremost. Devotion is expert when the treatment group adopts an extensivestrategy and sees how to best meet the fat youngster’s objectives toward weightreduction and wellbeing advancement and completes on their dedication. Thefamily and youngster are likewise trusting in that group considering theirpromoted learning, ability, and skill in the zone of pediatric weight treatment.(as cited in Buchwald, 2005, p.593)Accordingto Perryman & Sidoti (2015), Veracity, ortruthfulness, is an essential element of communication between patients,families, and doctors and is imperative to the decision-making process whenchoosing the best treatment option for the obese child (as cited in Caniano, 2009, p.

190)AnalysisAfterthe research provided by these two articles, it seems that childhood obesity isbecoming a more recognized topic in epidemiology. There seems to be an adequateamount of information provided on the causes, and consequences of adolescentswith stoutness.  When reviewing thesearticles, it seems there should be a discussion on lifting some regulations onchildren making decisions for their health. It may be beneficial for the child tochoose and lift some ethical concern. There also seems to be more research neededto provide a safer broader range of treatments for stout children.

Perryman &Sidoti (2015) state “while childhood obesity continues to be a physical,emotional, and psychosocial issue impacting many families, there are limitedtreatment options available” (Perryman & Sidoti,2015). Sahoo et al. 2015 mentionthat “The growing issue of childhood obesity can be slowed, if society focuseson the causes” Sahoo et al. 2015, p. 187-192).

ConclusionToconclude, the research that was provided from these articles thoroughlydiscussed how obesity is affecting children within the population. The researchalso brought light to contributions in society that is potentially enablingthis disease to grow. However, there may need to be some adjustments made on achild’s decision to choose what preventative measures and treatments they wantto undergo for a healthier lifestyle. This may help them not carry beingoverweight into adulthood causing possible longevity in their lifespan.      ReferencesBritz B, Siegfried W, Ziegler A, Lamertz C,Herpertz-Dahlmann BM, Remschmidt H, et al. Rates of psychiatric disorders in aclinical study group of adolescents with extreme obesity and in obeseadolescents ascertained via a population based study.

 Int J Obes RelatMetab Disord. 2000; 24:1707–14. Buchwald H. Bariatric surgery for morbid obesity:health implications for patients, health professionals, and third-partypayers. J Am Coll Surg.

2005;200(4):593–604.Budd GM, Hayman LL. Addressing the childhoodobesity crisis. Am J Matern Child Nurs. 2008; 33:113–7.

 PubMedCaniano DA. Ethical issues in pediatric bariatricsurgery. Semin Pediatr Surg. 2009;18(3):186–192.GallagherSM. What is the meaning of informed consent, weight loss surgery, and thepediatric patient? Bariatr Nurs Surg Patient Care.2010;5(3):231–234.GoldfieldGS, Moore C, Henderson K, Buchholz A, Obeid N, Flament MF.

Bodydissatisfaction, dietary restraint, depression, and weight status inadolescents. J Sch Health. 2010; 80:186–92. PubMedHuertaM, Gdalevich M, Tlashadze A, et al. Appropriateness of US and internationalBMI-for-age reference curves in defining adiposity among Israeli schoolchildren. Eur J Pediartr. 2007;166(6):573–578.HunterHL, Steele RG, Steele MM.

Family based treatment for pediatric overweight:parental weight loss as a predictor of children’s treatment success. ChildHealth Care. 2008;37(2):112–125Moens E, Braet C, Bosmans G, Rosseel Y.Unfavourable family characteristics and their associations with childhoodobesity: A cross-sectional study. Eur Eat DisordRev. 2009; 17:315–23. PubMedNiehoffV.

Childhood obesity: A call to action. Bariatric Nursing and SurgicalPatient. Care.

 2009;4:17–23Perryman,M. L., & Sidoti, K.

A. (2015, March 05). Full text Ethical considerationsin the treatment of childhood obesity | MB. Retrieved January 09, 2018, from https://www.dovepress.com/ethical-considerations-in-the-treatment-of-childhood-obesity-peer-reviewed-fulltext-article-MBPrattJS, Lenders CM, Dionne EA, et al.

Best practice updates forpediatric/adolescent weight loss surgery. Obesity (Silver Spring).2009;17(5):901–910Sahoo,K.

, Sahoo, B., Choudhury, A. K., Sofi, N. Y., Kumar, R.

, & Bhadoria, A. S.(2015). Childhood obesity: causes and consequences. Journal of FamilyMedicine and Primary Care, 4(2), 187–192.

http://doi.org/10.4103/2249-4863.154628SchwimmerJB, Burwinkle TM, Varni JW. Health-related quality of life of severely obesechildren and adolescents. JAMA. 2003; 289:1813–9.

 PubMedVanAllen J, Kuhl ES, Filigno SS, Clifford LM, Connor JM, Stark LJ. Changes inparent motivation predicts changes in body mass index z-score (zBMI) anddietary intake among preschoolers enrolled in a family-based obesityintervention. J Pediatr Psychol. 2014;39(9):1028–1037. 

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