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Students will explore the various types of cerebral palsy and diagnosis in this lesson plan. They will read a lesson, participate in discussion questions, watch a video, complete an activity and take a quiz.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

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  • define cerebral palsy
  • discuss different types of the disorder
  • explain how individuals are diagnosed

Length

60 minutes

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.1.a

Introduce precise, knowledgeable claim(s), establish the significance of the claim(s), distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and create an organization that logically sequences claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.11-12.6

Acquire and use accurately general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.

Key Vocabulary

  • pyramidal
  • hemiplegia
  • diplegia
  • monoplegia
  • quadriplegia
  • triplegia

Materials

  • Hard copies of the Cerebral Palsy: Definition, Types & Diagnosis lesson and lesson quiz
  • Computers with internet connectivity, projector capability, presentation software and speakers
  • Find an online video of a person diagnosed with cerebral palsy and how they are positively living with the disorder

Instructions

  • Begin by asking students to identify a neurological condition.
  • Then explain that this lesson explores one type of neurological disorders called cerebral palsy.
  • Distribute the Cerebral Palsy: Definition, Types & Diagnosis lesson, ask a student to read ‘What Is Cerebral Palsy?’ and ‘Types of Cerebral Palsy’ out loud, then start the following discussion:
    • What is cerebral palsy and how does it occur?
    • Is it a degenerative disorder? Explain.
    • List the main types of cerebral palsy.
  • Now choose another student to read ‘Spastic Cerebral Palsy’ and ‘Non-Spactic Cerebral Palsy’, shoulder pair students and ask them to complete the following:
    • Define:
      • pyramidal
      • hemiplegia
      • diplegia
      • monoplegia
      • quadriplegia
      • triplegia
    • How does prefix help you identify the number of body parts affected?
    • Distinguish between dyskinetic and ataxic cerebral palsy.
  • Next ask another volunteer to read the remainder of the lesson, then pose these discussion points:
    • Explain why cerebral palsy is difficult to diagnosis.
    • Can cerebral palsy be detected in unborn babies?
    • Describe the process to monitor cerebral palsy in newborns and children.
  • Now show the online video of a person diagnosed with cerebral palsy and how they are positively living with the disorder.
  • Then ask students if they have any family members, friends or know of someone who has cerebral palsy.
  • Allow them to share their responses.
  • Afterwards distribute the lesson quiz and asks students to write down the answers, then review.

Activity

  • Begin this activity by asking students what they learned about cerebral palsy.
  • Now explain they are going to further explore the disorder.
  • Shoulder pair and assign one of the following to each:
    • Occasionally cerebral palsy can be prevented; explain and discuss prevention methods.
    • Identify and discuss the risks of associated of living with cerebral palsy.
    • How can the community help those with cerebral palsy?
  • Then require each pair to research their topic, create a slide presentation on the computer, including appropriate visuals, then present.
  • You will use each prompt more than once.

Related Lessons

  • Cerebral Palsy: Symptoms, Causes & Treatments
  • Cerebral Palsy Writing Difficulties

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