Awareness on balanced diet and eating practices among college students
Type of manuscript- survey article
Running title- Awareness on balanced diet and eating practices among college students
Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical sciences
Department of Biochemistry
Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical sciences
Email- [email protected]
Telephone number- 9566047924
Author name- Swetaa.A
Guide Name- Mrs. Gayathiri.R
Year of the study- I BDS 2017-2018
Total no.of words- Abstract-
Aim- Awareness on balanced diet and eating practices among college students
Materials and methods- Questionnaire was prepared and survey was conducted among college students about balanced diet and eating practices and data was collected. The survey was prepared on survey planet and was circulated among students.
The survey was conducted among 110 students.
82.4% of the college students are aware of balanced diet. Most of the college students say that their snacking is always junk, but still they wanted to maintain a balanced diet. So many students are aware of balanced diet and eating practices.
They survey was conducted among 110 students from that most of the college students are aware of balanced diet but still they consume junk as their snack which is about 59.6% and have unhealthy eating practices. I think they would consult a nutritionist so that they would attain a balanced diet.
Key words- Balanced diet, eating practices, college students, nutrition.
A balanced diet is one that provides the body with all the essential nutrients, vitamins and minerals required to maintain cells, tissues and organs as well as to function correctly.
A diet that is lacking in nutrients can lead to many different health problems ranging from tiredness and lack of energy to serious problems with the function of vital organs and lack of growth and development.The number of calories in a food is a measurement of the amount of energy stored in that food.
Your body uses calories from food for walking, thinking, breathing, and fatigue, and poor performance. Children with a poor diet run the risk of growth development problems and poor academic performance, and bad eating habits can persist for the rest of their lives.Dietary Habits are the habitual decisions of individuals or group of people regarding what foods they eat. Proper dietary choices require the consumption of vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, proteins and fats.
Milk products play a significant role in human health.An unhealthy diet is a major risk factor for a number of chronic diseases including: pressure diabetics , abnormal blood lipids, overweight/obese , and cancer. There are two therapy’s one is the dietary therapy to maintain a good and a healthy life other one is medical nutritional therapy and we have also traditional Chinese method.
In addition to dietary recommendations for the general population, there are many specific diets that have primarily been developed to promote better health in specific population groups.At the core of a balanced diet are foods that are low in unnecessary fats and sugars and high in vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients.
In addition to dietary recommendations for the general population, there are many specific diets that have primarily been developed to promote better health in specific population groups, such as people with high pressure blood (as in low sodium diets or the more specific DASH diet), or people who are overweight or obese (in weight control diets). However, some of them may have more or less evidence for beneficial effects in normal people as well.
A balanced diet is one that provides an adequate intake of energy and nutrients for maintenance of the body and therefore good health. A diet can easily be adequate for normal bodily functioning, yet may not be a balanced diet. An ideal human diet contains fat, protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, water and fibre all in correct proportions. These proportions vary for each individual because everyone has different metabolic rates and levels of activity.
Malnutrition results from an unbalanced diet, this can be due to an excess of some dietary components and lack of other components, not just a complete lack of food. Too much of one component can be as much harm to the body as too little. Deficiency diseases occur when there is a lack of a specific nutrient, although some diet related disorders are a result of eating in excess. An adequate diet provides sufficient energy for the performance of the body to function.
Carbohydrates, fats and proteins provide energy. Proteins are a provider of energy in an emergency, but are primarily used as building blocks for growth and repair of many body tissues. We also need much smaller amounts of other nutrients, such as vitamins and minerals. Despite the small quantities needed these are essential to provide a healthy diet.
Discussion and results-
The discussion covers various aspects of the students diet and their eating practices the students who are aged between 17-23 are very much aware about balanced diet but still their eating practices and physical and mental well being is not good. They consume more junk during their college break that is about 59.6%, but still most of them don’t exercise. But most of them are very much concerned about their balanced diet during the examination. Our society is experiencing lots of diseases, so one should maintain balanced diet and eating practices to remain healthy.
From this survey the students are most stressed during their college life so that do not attain balanced diet and their eating practices are very poor most of them have only 2 meals per day which bad for the health. Intake of water is almost equal but intake of nutritional food is less about 30% junk consuming students are high 59.6%.
Most of them prefer potatoes as their favourite vegetable but potatoes contain high amount of carbohydrates and fats which unhealthy for an individual. 33% of them eat chips during their break most of prefer chips rather then fruits and nuts. But still 20% of them consume fruits during the break which makes them to attain balanced diet when even though their eating practices is less.
When the students are highly stressed headaches becomes a major problem for them which is about 39.4%. They become stressed and have lack of confidence in their college life that is fear of facing difficulties in academics, extra curricular activities and other college activities.
BMC health survey article says that the balanced diet and eating practices are very much different among students they say most of them attain a balanced diet. But in my survey I concluded the students have a unhealthy balanced diet because the consumption of junk and their eating practices are very poor. Other articles conclude that balanced diet among students are very less because they have a daily routine life which makes them to lack diet
Even I conclude the same stress among college students are very hind so they don’t take any efforts to maintain a balanced diet.
The main of this survey is to conclude balanced diet and eating practices among college students is very poor because the stress in their academic life makes them weak so their appetite becomes less. Most of the college students are aware of balanced diet but still fail to attain which is about 82.6%. To attain a balanced diet intake of nutritional food should be high and appetite should be normal.
1. A Balanced Diet©1997 Ann Louise Gittleman, M.S., C.N.S.
2. Balanced Diets & Healthy lifestyles Mella Frewen, Director General of FoodDrinkEurope
3. The Principles of a Balanced Diet So You Can Choose Copyright © 2013 Allison Tuffs
4. Nutrition and Diet Published by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Salt Lake City, Utah © 2010 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All right reserved United States of America
5. Roger VL, Go AS, Lloyd-Jones DM, Benjamin EJ, Berry JD, Borden WB, Bravata DM, Dai SF, Ford ES, Fox CS, et al: Executive summary: heart disease and stroke statistics -2012 update a report from the American Heart Association. Circulation 2012, 125(1)
6.Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Kit BK, Flegal KM: Prevalence of obesity and trends in body mass index among US children and adolescents, 1999-2010. J Am Med Assoc 2012, 307(5)
7.Crombie AP, Ilich JZ, Dutton GR, Panton LB, Abood DA: The freshman weight gain phenomenon revisited. Nutr Rev 2009, 67(2):83–94. Vella-Zarb RA, Elgar FJ: The ‘freshman 5′: a meta-analysis of weight gain in the freshman year of college. J Am Coll Health 2009, 58(2)
8.Racette SB, Deusinger SS, Strube MJ, Highstein GR, Deusinger RH: Changes in weight and health behaviors from freshman through senior year of college. J Nutr Educ Behav 2008, 40(1)
9.Dyson R, Renk K: Freshmen adaptation to university life: depressive symptoms, stress, and coping. J Clin Psychol 2006, 62(10):1231–1244. Von Ah D, Ebert S, Ngamvitroj A, Park N, Kang DH: Predictors of health behaviours in college students. J Adv Nurs 2004, 48(5)
10. Silliman K, Rodas-Fortier K, Neyman M: A survey of dietary and exercise habits and perceived barriers to following a healthy lifestyle in a college population. Californian J Health Promot 2004, 2(2)
11.Butler SM, Black DR, Blue CL, Gretebeck RJ: Change in diet, physical activity, and body weight in female college freshman. Am J Health Behav 2004, 28(1).
12. DeBate RD, Topping M, Sargent RG: Racial and gender differences in weight status and dietary practices among college students. Adolescence 2001, 36(144). 13. Lloyd-Richardson EE, Lucero ML, DiBello JR, Jacobson AE, Wing RR: The relationship between alcohol use, eating habits and weight change in college freshmen. Eat Behav 2008,
14. Deliens T, Clarys P, Van Hecke L, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Deforche B: Changes in weight and body composition during the first semester at university. A prospective explanatory study. Appetite 2013, 65C.
15. Chourdakis M, Tzellos T, Pourzitaki C, Toulis KA, Papazisis G, Kouvelas D: Evaluation of dietary habits and assessment of cardiovascular disease risk factors among Greek university students. Appetite 2011, 57(2).
16.Ajzen I: From intentions to actions: a theory of planned behavior. Berlin: Springer; 1985.
17. Bandura A: Social Foundations of Thought and Action: A Social Cognitive Theory. Englewood Cliffs, N.J: Prentice Hall; 1986.
18. Brug J, van Lenthe FJ, Kremers SPJ: Revisiting Kurt Lewin -How to gain insight into environmental correlates of obesogenic behaviors. Am J Prev Med 2006, 31(6).
19. Egger G, Swinburn B: An “ecological” approach to the obesity pandemic. BMJ 1997, 315(7106).
20. Swinburn BA, Caterson I, Seidell JC, James WP: Diet, nutrition and the prevention of excess weight gain and obesity. Public Health Nutr 2004, 7(1A).
21.Story M, Neumark-Sztainer D, French S: Individual and environmental influences on adolescent eating behaviors. J Am Diet Assoc 2002, 102(3).
22. Biddle SJH, Mutrie N: Psychology of Physical Activity: Determinants, Well-Being and Interventions. 2nd edition. New York: Routledge; 2008.
23. Sallis JF, Owen N: Ecological Models of Health Behavior. 3rd edition. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass; 2002.
24. Greaney ML, Less FD, White AA, Dayton SF, Riebe D, Blissmer B, Shoff S, Walsh JR, Greene GW: College Students’ barriers and enablers for healthful weight management: a qualitative study. J Nutr Educ Behav 2009, 41(4).
25. LaCaille LJ, Dauner KN, Krambeer RJ, Pedersen J: Psychosocial and environmental determinants of eating behaviors, physical activity, and