Anxiety disorders are among the most common mental healthdisorders experienced by children and young people, with an estimatedprevalence of 6.5% (Cooper, 2017). Thecumulative prevalence of anxiety disorders in children alone are around 10% bythe age of 16 (Austin, 2012). (MORE STATS) For a large proportion of children, anxietyproblems are long lasting and usually interfere with their development andfunctioning (Austin, 2012). It can affect their day to day life with affects intheir academics, self-esteem, and social interactions ( ).
If left untreated itcan often lead into adulthood and can also present risks for other mentalhealth problems (Cooper, 2017). Anxiety can be such a prevalent problem amongyoung people today that there are many community mental health resources thatone can turn to in the GTA. CAMH is one of the mostrespectable resources that young people have access to. ( ) Not only does ithave excellent information about mental health for clients and families, but italso provides clients with excellent and outstanding programs and services(CAMH, n.d).
CAMH provides great in-patient and out-patient programs for peoplewith mental disorders (CAMH, n.d). The programs that CAMH provides can help youngadults deal with major depression, bipolar disorder (manic depressive illness),anxiety disorders and obsessive compulsive disorder (CAMH, n.d.). The programitself is divided into six specialty clinics which provide clinical care,education and research (CAMH, n.d.).
The program offersconsultations; time limited treatments and follow-up, education and servicesfor families (CAMH, n.d.). Also, CAMH provides grouptherapies for clients so that they do not feel alone, as well as individualtherapies for a more one on one experience (CAMH, n.d.). Among the many therapies that CAMH providesthe three main therapies are cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), interpersonal treatment(IPT) and psychoeducation. Furthermore, in this paper I will discuss the threemain treatments that CAMH provides and further explore the treatments of CBT,IPT, and psychoeducation with research.
Background (1- 1.5 PAGES)-providethe reader with evidence about the topic ie stats, sources that reflect the position you are taking-thissection should encourage the reader to see the importance of the thesisstatement and purpose of the paper. There is a range of disorders that anxiety can fall under. Generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, panicdisorder, and major depressive disorder are to just to name a few. Anxiety is a normal part of life that everyone, everywhere,experiences at some point in their lives. Children, adolescents, and adults canall experience it.
For some, it can cause disturbances in their social lives,home functioning and can even disturb work life and everyday routine ( ). Psychotherapyfor anxiety is the alleviation of symptoms of diagnosed anxiety disorders orelevated anxiety levels (Austin, 2012). 3 Main Headings (4-6 PAGES)The concept behind CBT is that our thoughts affect how wefeel emotionally and physically and how we behave in a situation (2007).
Themost frequently used psychological treatment for anxiety disorders in childrenand young people is Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) ( ). CBT is used for a mixed anxiety disorders,including generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, and separationanxiety disorder (Cooper, 2017). It has consistently been concluded that CBTshows clear benefit over a rate of 59.4% (Cooper, 2017). In CBT,clients learn to identify, question and change their attitudes, thoughts andbeliefs related to the emotional and behavioral reactions that cause their problems(CAMH, n.d.
).In CBTtherapy such things such as depression and anxiety can be managed by monitoringand recording thoughts during upsetting or stressful situations, with thispeople can learn that how they think can contribute to emotional problems (CAMH,n.d.). By monitoring and recording thoughts duringupsetting situations, people learn that how they think can contribute toemotional problems such as depression and anxiety. CBT helps to reduce theseemotional problems by teaching clients to identify distortions in theirthinking, see thoughts as ideas about what is going on, rather than as facts,and stand back from their thinking to consider situations from differentviewpoints (CAMH, n.
d).It is important to point out that treatments for children andadults have differences in part to the specific developmental needs (Austin,2012).The most obvious point is that children and adolescents are less cognitivelymature than adults (Austin, 2012). Which has obvious consequences (Austin,2012). First there’re is a debate aboutthe extent to which cognitive maturity is required for successful engagement incognitive behavioural treatment (Austin, 2012). It is said that cognitivelybased interventions cannot be used because children lack the cognitive maturityto participate (Austin, 2012).
And the response to these concerns is to insteadof focusing on the cognitive part of it, it is important to instead focus on behaviouralside of treatment (Austin, 2012). Other clinicians argue that child’s cognitivedevelopment is more flexible, and that with adequate adaptations and supportmany young children can exhibit the ability to engage in the cognitive elementsof cognitive behavioral treatment (Austin, 2012). Cognitive-behavioral therapy, with research hasbeen showed to be one of the most rapid among therapies in terms of results obtained(Whatis Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), 2016). A client receives from 10-20 sessions (What is Cognitive-BehavioralTherapy (CBT), 2016).
Whatenables CBT to be shorter is its high instructive process and the fact thatthere is usually homework that is assigned at the end of the therapy. CBTis time-limited in that we help clients understand at the very beginning of thetherapy process that there will be a point when the formal therapy will end (Whatis Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), 2016). A strong therapeuticrelationship is necessary for effective therapy, but it is not the main focus. (What is Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT),2016). Some therapies assume that the reason clients show improvement in sideeffects is because of the positive relationship between the client andtherapist. Though this is true, Cognitive- behavioral therapists believe it isimportant to trust and have a positive relationship between the client and thetherapist (What is Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), 2016). CBT therapists believe that the clients change because they learnhow to think differently and they act on that learning (What is Cognitive-BehavioralTherapy (CBT), 2016). Therefore,CBT therapists focus on teaching rational self-counseling skills ((Whatis Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), 2016).
)The therapist’s role is to listen, teach, and encourage, while theclient’s roles is to express concerns, learn, and implement that learning(Whatis Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), 2016). Anothertherapy that is used at CAMH is Interpersonal Treatment (IPT) which includesmood monitoring and stabilization, symptom identification, and management, challengingnegative thought processes, increasing adaptive coping, interpersonalcommunication, and relapse prevention (CAMH, n.d). Interpersonal Therapy is an attachment-basedand problem-focuses treatment for anxiety, depression and relationship problems(CAMH, n.
d). In this approach, the focusof therapy is on current relationships and things that contribute to the onsetof depression or other symptoms of psychological distress (CAMH, n.d).
IPT helps you in understand life changes,building new relationship skills and reducing stress through understanding andimproving relationships at work, home and in your social life (CAMH, n.d).