Anthropocentrism and Ecocentrism are contrasting opinions on how the natural universe is supposed to be viewed in relation to people or rather human beings.
Anthropocentrism: Anthropocentrism is a belief that the needs and desires of people is supposed to be at the center of how the universe is supposed to be. It is a belief that that human beings are the most important and useful entity in the world. They believe in speciesism and are incurved to monotheistic religion like Christianity and Judaism, which maintains that the Lord created the world most importantly to benefit human beings and that man was to dominate over everything. Ecocentrism: Eco centrists on the other hand see this as false consciousness. For them people are just a part of nature and they don’t dominate over other living creatures. They have no special status above any other living things. They are incurred in mystical religions for example Buddhism that emphasize that people are equal to other living things as all other life forms.
This is known as holism. This is supported by ecologists that believe nature is supposed to be respected as it has intrinsic value and is forever going to serve human needs.Deep ecology and ecofeminism are contemporary environment philosophies that share the desire to supplant the predominant western anthropocentric environmental frameworks. Ecofeminism is both an ecological philosophy and a social movement that draws on environmental studies critiques of modernity and science, and feminist critical analysis to bring out the connection between females and nature. They criticized government and cultural institutions that restricted women’s roles in the society.
This concept relates ecological damage due to women exploitation and lack of empowerment. Deep ecology is an ecological and environmental philosophy promoting the inherent worth of living things regardless of their instrumental satisfaction to human needs plus a radical restructuring of the modern human society in relation to this ideas.Critique of deep ecology: The ethics of deep ecology hold that the survival of any part is dependent on the well-being of the whole ecology. This are the eight principles to elucidate this: Flourishing of human and non-human life: Richness and diversity of life form makes realization of values: Flourishing of human life and culture is compatible with a substantial decrease of the human population: Present human interference with the non-human world is excess and worsening with time: Policies that affect economic technological and ideological structures are changed and the resulting state affairs will be different from the present. The ideological change is mainly that of enhancing and appreciating life quality: Those that are in for the fore going points implement the necessary changes: Humans have the right to deduct richness in the life diversity Criticism, debate and responseKnowledge of non-human interests assumes that plants have their own interests as they are manifested by plant behavior. Deepness Deep ecology claims to be deeper than alternative theories.
Eco feminist response both forward a new conceptualization of the self. Misunderstanding scientific information they arrive at conclusion based on misunderstanding of scientific information which in turn justify their ideology. Shallow view superior which don’t major in their concerns but superior views on human beings. Deep ecology not that deep as thought fails to link environmental crises with authoritaniasm and hierarchy.
Links with other movements Parallels have been drawn between deep ecology and it relationship with other movement.