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Philip used a combination Of robbery, persuasion, tribute and force to keep enemies away and to make sure he got what he wanted. Macedonian kings were normally polygamous, Philip included.

Philip used marriage as an excellent military tactic to consolidate his power. He married seven women, including Alexander mother. Under Phillips rule, Macedonia had the most superior cavalry around and became the most powerful state in the Greek peninsula.

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When Alexander the Great came to power in 336 B. C. , he had inherited a large and successful empire that his father had built.

The Macedonian army consisted 18,000 eave infantry and 5,000 cavalry, larger than the armies of Sparta and Athens. As soon as Alexander took over Macedonia, he had all of his known enemies executed. Alexander and Philip were very ruthless and relentless rulers.

They both showed love to their people and they befriended the people they conquered but they did not tolerate those who opposed them. Alexander the Great was a military genius. When he inherited the army his father built, he made it greater than it already was.

Philip was the first to use a catapult as a weapon for war, but Alexander expanded the range of the tappet and enhanced the accuracy of it. This became a deadly weapon for the Macedonian to use in warfare. Alexander military concept was based on speed, mobility and flexibility. Army men wore light armor so they could have quicker movement and they carried heavy striking weapons. Alexander army formation was called the Macedonian phalanx, created by Philip II, was sixteen rows deep and sixteen rows wide. Each man carried a saris, a 20 Ft. Eng pike, which was held with two hands. The men in the army were strapped with shields to go along with the long spears.

This type of military led to the seize on many civilizations including major empires such as the Persian Empire and Egypt, which he later formed a city and named it Alexandria. When Alexander conquered new land he appointed representatives from conquered people to govern the people for him. Alexander conquered the “civilized world”, modern day Middle East, Greece and Egypt. Alexander was a student of Aristotle, a famous philosopher who also studied medicine.Therefore, he also took an interest in medicine. With this interest, he developed medical care for injured or wounded soldiers.

Militarily, Alexander was ruthless, but politically, he was more sympathetic. Alexander wanted the people of the conquered civilizations to be untied with the rest of Macedonia. He did not want there to be tribal nations in Macedonia, he wanted them to all be seen as one people. Alexander the Great was a very ambitious ruler. He had expanded the Macedonian empire to over 3,000 miles but he wanted more.

He had plans to conquer Western Asia and the Eurasian Empire and a quest for a Hellenic Empire. The purpose of a Hellenic empire is “to imitate Greeks” by practicing Greek language, architecture, literature, and art. He wanted to fuse Macedonian, Greeks, and Persians by encouraging soldiers to marry native women. The Quest for a Hellenic Empire took place from 334 to 323 B.

C. In 334 B. C.

Alexander entered Asia with an army of around 37,000 men both Greeks and Macedonian. By winter 332 B. C. Alexander had conquered Syria, Palestine, and Egypt.In 331 B. C.

Alexander then moves east and gains control of the entire Persian Empire. Alexander conquered the civilizations of Lucia and Aphasia in Asia. In pursuit of the Drains Ill and the Persian Empire, Alexander and his massive army outdid the Persian army and caused Drains Ill to leave Persia leaving his family behind. But, Alexander being a genuine person, took in Drains’ family and made sure the women were treated with respect. This shows many parts of Alexander character. He was a fierce conqueror but also a genuine kind person.These features truly did make Alexander one of the best rulers in history. In Alexander last days as ruler of the Macedonian Empire he found trouble in running such a large empire by himself.

After Alexander travels, he came back to find out that some of the people from Persia were conspiring against IM, thinking he would not return from his travels. He dealt with these rebels by executing them. Alexander became ill and died in 323 B. C. At that time, he had eliminated the people who were left in charge. He hired new people to govern for him but had no long-term options for his successors.When he died, he did not appoint an heir to take the throne, nor did he establish a long-term structure for the empire. With no one in charge of this massive empire a window open for the conquered people in Macedonia.

The Athenians, Italians, Logicians, Physicians, and Thessalonians saw an opportunity ought against the weakened empire for independence. The immediate legacy of Alexander the Great is that his empire he worked hard building had fallen apart. Alexander had accomplished more than anyone before him. With that being said, he did not have enough time to figure out how to govern the ands he had conquered.Since Alexander death was extremely sudden, his empire collapsed into a 40;year period of war and chaos in 321 B. C. The Hellenic world eventually separated into four power blocks: the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, the Secluded Empire in the east, the Kingdom of Bergamot n Asia Minor, and Macedon.

Alexander the Great had the intelligence to build a permanent empire and rule it with order. However, he had expanded the Macedonian empire so rapidly he could not establish a working government for him to rule it all.Therefore, it collapsed after his death.

His empire was simply too massive to rule all by himself. The Macedonian empire fell the way all other empires have fallen in history, when they become more concerned with being seen than it is with actually maintaining order and organization. The overextension of the empire caused instability in the government leading to its fall.

Alexander the Great had all of the proper tools to build a long lasting empire. The Macedonian empire was later succeeded by the Roman Empire.The Macedonia Empire will always go down in history as one the greatest empires in history.

Alexander the Great will always be one Of, if not, the greatest conqueror in world history. He built a massive empire taking the throne at the age of 20. He was a very skillful, intelligent and ferocious leader of his people. Although no one matches his accomplishments, he could not have done this without his father, Philip II.

Philip provided a foundation for Alexander genius work. Alexander, although a hot-tempered military leader, was also a very intelligent leader of his empire.I believe these are the best qualities to have in a leader because he was very strong in battle and very responsible and caring when it came to the empire and his people.

The military and political tactics Alexander had established were a big part in the empires success. His military combat was matched by no other civilization. Politically, his empire was thriving until his sudden death. As great as Alexander was, it became too much for him to handle and his sudden death feet the fate of Macedonian empire with a giant question mark.

This led to all sorts of chaos and war within the empire and eventually the fall of a once great and flourishing empire. Alexander the Great when down in history as the idol to later conquerors such as Julius Caesar for the later Roman Empire. While the final outcome of the Macedonian Empire was very unfortunate, Alexander success will never be forgotten.

He will always be one of the dolling figures when it comes to military tactics and leadership. Alexander the Great is the greatest overall leader of all time.

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In 1919, Hannah Hooch developed a technique of analyzing current issues in the form of hatemonger using photos, paper objects, pieces of machines and other various objects. “Love in the Bush 1925″and “Half Caste 1924” are two examples of some of her works. The satirical part of the photometer ‘Love in the Bush’ is that it was created at a time where people in Germany had the idea that if a white person and a black person were in a relationship then it was rape, however, in this photometer Hooch portrayed the relationship between white and black people to be happy and joyful. It didn’t look like rape at all.This piece of work is powerful and confronting as it focuses on race and color. It illustrates a dark male person holding/hugging a white woman, surrounded by bamboo trees and although she and he are of different race and color, the expression on her face is happy and Joyful.

I think Hooch was trying to say that you shouldn’t be racist and it is okay to like other people even if they are different. This sends a message to the audience and influences them to accept these types of relationships instead of considering it as rape. It may have changed the perspective of some people. Love in the Bush, 1925′ is powerful and confronting because it influences people that two people of different races should eave the freedom of being together if they want to and says that an interracial relationship isn’t rape as shown by the expression of the woman’s face in the image. The two characters in ‘Love in the Bush’ are surrounded by bamboo. This is a symbol for longevity as it represents endurance, strength and resilience (Flexibility).

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An explanation of this from a website is: “Whenever there is a storm, trees are broken, destroyed, no matter how big they are, they cannot resist the force of the wind.Even the strongest trees are like a toy for strong winds. The bamboo isn’t.

Bamboo bends, it flexes, nearly touches the floor, but ever breaks. It resists the storms, the strongest winds. Yet, it keeps its delicate structure. LIKe ten Damon Is a good man’s connecter.

A man can undergo nard, difficult, tough times, for which he must adapt, but must never break, never lose his sense of self. A man must keep his essence now matter how bad the world is treating him. ” (Quoted from http://wick. Answers. Com/Q/ I think Hooch used bamboo in ‘Love in the Bush’ to represent the relationship of a white person and black person.This is because they have to endure the Judgments from others and the accusations f their relationship being rape; and their strength and resilience to be in the relationship even though many people didn’t accept interracial relationships at the time and not being influenced by the negative comments of others. They had to adapt to the situation.

“Half Caste” as seen on the left is also a photometer that deals with race and color. It is an image of a black person with a white person’s mouth and is a powerful and confronting photometer.Back then, Aborigines and Tortes Strait Islanders were treated unfairly as they didn’t have the right to vote and couldn’t have a say in anything; they had a hard life. In this piece of work, Hooch placed a white mouth on a black person’s face. The white mouth which has been placed on the black person’s face represents that only white people had the right to speak, and if you were non-white then you didn’t get to have a say.

It demonstrates the discrimination and unfair treatment towards non-white people and was Hooch’s way of getting the message across to people.People who viewed this piece of work may have felt sympathy for non-white people as they didn’t realism that Indigenous Australians and Tortes Strait Islanders were treated so unfairly and that it was fisticuff for them to have a say in things. This could have changed the views of some people and made them nicer towards non-whites.

‘Half Caste, 1924’ is satirical because it is a black person with a white person’s mouth, suggesting that the person is a mix of different races (half-caste) and the artwork is called ‘Half Caste’.This piece of work is powerful and confronting as it sends a message to the audience about discrimination, creating an awareness of it and demonstrates the unfair treatment towards non-white people. Another famous photometer artist was John Heartfelt, originally known as Helmut Herself. He was born in Berlin on the 19th of June, 1891 and was abandoned by his parent’s at a young age. At the age of fourteen, Heartfelt left school and worked as a bookseller in Washbasins. He then became an assistant to Hermann Buffer in 1907 and after two years, he became a student at the School of Applied Arts in Munich.

He began working as a designer in Anaheim for a year in 1912 and then moved back to Berlin to study at the Arts and Craft School under Ernst Neumann until 1914, when WWW started. In September, 1914 Heartfelt was selected into the German Military and had to serve in a place based in Berlin. He was released a year later as he faked a nervous breakdown as he felt threatened. Later in 1916, Warfield protested against Germany by changing his name from Helmut Herself to John Heartfelt. This was because Germany was using the slogan “Got Strafe England” which meant ‘May God Punish England’.During this time, Heartfelt started to supply his work to ‘Nee Eugene’ which was an arts Journal that was published by Wielded Herself (his brother). He later developed a style of work while working for the Journal.

This style was Known as pomegranate. Join Heartless also Colane r n Dada group Ana used his collage work for political reasons; including photos from the political journals during that time. As you can see, the picture on the left is one of Heartland’s works named “The Meaning of the Hitler Salute, 1932”.

The translation of the phrases in this piece of work include the following: Deer Sins des Headmistresses The real meaning of the Hitler salute Klein Mann bitter um grosser Gabon The little man asks for big gifts Million Stephen hinter Mir! I’ve got millions standing behind me “The Meaning of the Hitler Salute” is made from two images, a picture of Hitler eluting from a news photo of a Nazi rally and a large business man in a suit who was photographed in particular for the photometer.It is both powerful and confronting as it depicts Hitler as a small, weak person compared to the large, powerful looking business man who is standing behind him and looking down upon him. It creates a lot of meaning since Hitler is accepting money from the business man making him look not as powerful as people saw him to be. It also gives a different view of Hitler and depicts that he would not have been as powerful if he hadn’t received money and support from other industrialists (business people). This piece of work was Heartland’s way of trying to weaken the support people had for Hitler and change their perspectives about him.Although it is Just a simple picture, it is powerful and confronting because it says many things about Hitler and sends a message to the audience making them see him in a different way.

Warfield made this photometer satirical by using the phrases, ‘The real meaning of the Hitler Salute’, ‘The little man asks for big gifts’ and ‘Vive got millions standing behind me’. It is humorous as it says ‘Vive got millions standing behind me’ which meant that he had purport from the public, however, Heartfelt used this saying in a different context which literally meant that he had millions (of dollars) standing behind him.It is also funny because the image of Hitler doing his salute is used in a way to make it look like he is taking money from the large man in the suit.

A sense of humor is also created by the phrase ‘The little man asks for big gifts’ because Hitler is portrayed as a small person compared to the man in the suit in the photometer and is asking for a large sum of money. Another one of Hartsfield work is ‘Gobbles Recipe against the Food Shortage in Germany, 1935. The translation of the non-English statements/questions in this piece of work (starting from the top of the page) interprets, -Gobbles Recipe.

Against the food shortage in Germany. “What? Your meals are lacking lard and butter? You can eat your Jews! ” In this photometer you can see a frightened Jewish) man dressed in a suit on a slice of bread. His body is being covered with butter from the legs and up using a butter knife which has two swastikas carved on the blade; a symbol of the Nazis.

This meant that the person Heartfelt portrayed in this montage was a German (person holding he butter knife) spreading butter onto a Jewish person (man in the suit).It was created at a time when there was a food shortage in Germany and was Heartland’s way of showing what Gobbles solution for the problem was. ‘Gobbles Recipe gallant ten Food sonorant In Germany Is a powerful Ana controlling piece AT work. It demonstrates how much the Germans respected Jews as the photometer shows that Jewish people aren’t important and that it is okay to sacrifice their lives for food in order to survive. The image also portrays that the Germans had more power over he Jewish people as the man in this montage is the size of a slice of bread and the hand is bigger; size of a normal human.It informs people that the Germans thought about themselves first and didn’t care about how Jewish people were treated. It may have been a warning of the holocaust.

This photometer is satirical as well as powerful and confronting. It is mocking since it illustrates that the solution for the food shortage was to eat the Jewish people because they were worthless and had no value. Heartland’s interpretation of the disgust the Germans had towards Jews is ironic as the Germans had the idea that the Jews were bad and hated them, but thought they were good enough to eat.The quote: “What? Your meals are lacking lard and butter? You can eat your Jews! ” also makes this piece of work satirical as it describes that the Germans would sacrifice the Jewish people Just so they wouldn’t starve. In conclusion, the technique ‘photometer’ has made an artist’s work powerful, confronting and satirical.

It can be used for different reasons given that Hannah Hooch used it to analyses current issues whereas John Heartfelt used it as a political weapon, mainly towards Hitler.

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