Philip used a combination Of robbery, persuasion, tribute and force to keep enemies away and to make sure he got what he wanted. Macedonian kings were normally polygamous, Philip included. Philip used marriage as an excellent military tactic to consolidate his power. He married seven women, including Alexander mother. Under Phillips rule, Macedonia had the most superior cavalry around and became the most powerful state in the Greek peninsula. When Alexander the Great came to power in 336 B. C. , he had inherited a large and successful empire that his father had built.
The Macedonian army consisted 18,000 eave infantry and 5,000 cavalry, larger than the armies of Sparta and Athens. As soon as Alexander took over Macedonia, he had all of his known enemies executed. Alexander and Philip were very ruthless and relentless rulers. They both showed love to their people and they befriended the people they conquered but they did not tolerate those who opposed them. Alexander the Great was a military genius. When he inherited the army his father built, he made it greater than it already was.
Philip was the first to use a catapult as a weapon for war, but Alexander expanded the range of the tappet and enhanced the accuracy of it. This became a deadly weapon for the Macedonian to use in warfare. Alexander military concept was based on speed, mobility and flexibility. Army men wore light armor so they could have quicker movement and they carried heavy striking weapons. Alexander army formation was called the Macedonian phalanx, created by Philip II, was sixteen rows deep and sixteen rows wide. Each man carried a saris, a 20 Ft. Eng pike, which was held with two hands. The men in the army were strapped with shields to go along with the long spears. This type of military led to the seize on many civilizations including major empires such as the Persian Empire and Egypt, which he later formed a city and named it Alexandria. When Alexander conquered new land he appointed representatives from conquered people to govern the people for him. Alexander conquered the “civilized world”, modern day Middle East, Greece and Egypt. Alexander was a student of Aristotle, a famous philosopher who also studied medicine.
Therefore, he also took an interest in medicine. With this interest, he developed medical care for injured or wounded soldiers. Militarily, Alexander was ruthless, but politically, he was more sympathetic. Alexander wanted the people of the conquered civilizations to be untied with the rest of Macedonia. He did not want there to be tribal nations in Macedonia, he wanted them to all be seen as one people. Alexander the Great was a very ambitious ruler. He had expanded the Macedonian empire to over 3,000 miles but he wanted more.
He had plans to conquer Western Asia and the Eurasian Empire and a quest for a Hellenic Empire. The purpose of a Hellenic empire is “to imitate Greeks” by practicing Greek language, architecture, literature, and art. He wanted to fuse Macedonian, Greeks, and Persians by encouraging soldiers to marry native women. The Quest for a Hellenic Empire took place from 334 to 323 B. C. In 334 B. C. Alexander entered Asia with an army of around 37,000 men both Greeks and Macedonian. By winter 332 B. C. Alexander had conquered Syria, Palestine, and Egypt.
In 331 B. C. Alexander then moves east and gains control of the entire Persian Empire. Alexander conquered the civilizations of Lucia and Aphasia in Asia. In pursuit of the Drains Ill and the Persian Empire, Alexander and his massive army outdid the Persian army and caused Drains Ill to leave Persia leaving his family behind. But, Alexander being a genuine person, took in Drains’ family and made sure the women were treated with respect. This shows many parts of Alexander character. He was a fierce conqueror but also a genuine kind person.
These features truly did make Alexander one of the best rulers in history. In Alexander last days as ruler of the Macedonian Empire he found trouble in running such a large empire by himself. After Alexander travels, he came back to find out that some of the people from Persia were conspiring against IM, thinking he would not return from his travels. He dealt with these rebels by executing them. Alexander became ill and died in 323 B. C. At that time, he had eliminated the people who were left in charge. He hired new people to govern for him but had no long-term options for his successors.
When he died, he did not appoint an heir to take the throne, nor did he establish a long-term structure for the empire. With no one in charge of this massive empire a window open for the conquered people in Macedonia. The Athenians, Italians, Logicians, Physicians, and Thessalonians saw an opportunity ought against the weakened empire for independence. The immediate legacy of Alexander the Great is that his empire he worked hard building had fallen apart. Alexander had accomplished more than anyone before him. With that being said, he did not have enough time to figure out how to govern the ands he had conquered.
Since Alexander death was extremely sudden, his empire collapsed into a 40;year period of war and chaos in 321 B. C. The Hellenic world eventually separated into four power blocks: the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, the Secluded Empire in the east, the Kingdom of Bergamot n Asia Minor, and Macedon. Alexander the Great had the intelligence to build a permanent empire and rule it with order. However, he had expanded the Macedonian empire so rapidly he could not establish a working government for him to rule it all.
Therefore, it collapsed after his death. His empire was simply too massive to rule all by himself. The Macedonian empire fell the way all other empires have fallen in history, when they become more concerned with being seen than it is with actually maintaining order and organization. The overextension of the empire caused instability in the government leading to its fall. Alexander the Great had all of the proper tools to build a long lasting empire. The Macedonian empire was later succeeded by the Roman Empire.
The Macedonia Empire will always go down in history as one the greatest empires in history. Alexander the Great will always be one Of, if not, the greatest conqueror in world history. He built a massive empire taking the throne at the age of 20. He was a very skillful, intelligent and ferocious leader of his people. Although no one matches his accomplishments, he could not have done this without his father, Philip II. Philip provided a foundation for Alexander genius work. Alexander, although a hot-tempered military leader, was also a very intelligent leader of his empire.
I believe these are the best qualities to have in a leader because he was very strong in battle and very responsible and caring when it came to the empire and his people. The military and political tactics Alexander had established were a big part in the empires success. His military combat was matched by no other civilization. Politically, his empire was thriving until his sudden death. As great as Alexander was, it became too much for him to handle and his sudden death feet the fate of Macedonian empire with a giant question mark.
This led to all sorts of chaos and war within the empire and eventually the fall of a once great and flourishing empire. Alexander the Great when down in history as the idol to later conquerors such as Julius Caesar for the later Roman Empire. While the final outcome of the Macedonian Empire was very unfortunate, Alexander success will never be forgotten. He will always be one of the dolling figures when it comes to military tactics and leadership. Alexander the Great is the greatest overall leader of all time.