A hurricane is a strong storm with violent winds, usually above 74 miles per hour. These storms are usually accompanied by heavy rain and a line of thunderstorms, as well as some hail. A hurricane can occur because the location is close to the equator, which comes with warm water. Also, if the air is relatively moist near the troposphere, there is a chance of a hurricane forming. Hurricanes occur usually due to unstable air around the ocean. Hurricanes can cause both little and major damage to the environment. The strong winds can cause mass destruction by knocking down trees, or even totally uprooting them if the winds are strong enough. The heavy rains usually cause flooding of the surrounding area, which could lead to both erosion and pollution.
Flooding could lead to pollution because it would take the debris on the ground back into the ocean or any nearby water source such as a river or lake. Sometimes, hurricanes have a storm surge, which can cause more flooding. Human lives have been impacted very largely by hurricanes.
An example is in September of 2017, Hurricane Irma made landfall in the Caribbean, causing mass destruction. At this time it was a Category 5, the strongest category of hurricane. As it made landfall in the United States via Florida, it only lessened to a Category 4. By the time it reached the city of Tampa, Florida, however, it weakened to a Category 1. This caused a lot of damage for humans because many homes and businesses were completely destroyed.
More than 130 people died, and many more were injured. Preparation for any hurricane can be different for many people. While many may choose to evacuate the soon-to-be affected area, some stay home and protect their home. People who stay home usually board up their windows and doors with plywood. Before they board up their doors, they shop for an excess amount of non-perishable or quickly used products, such as bread and water. They would move outdoor furniture indoors, so it doesn’t blow into the house siding. They then stay inside and wait out the storm, and may lose power when it hits.
Usually, people also buy necessities such as flashlights, batteries, and toilet paper. Recovering from a hurricane can take from a few weeks to a few years. The first step in recovering is to check for any dead or injured around, and help them safely to the best of a person’s ability. Then the rebuilding process begins. Usually aid from surrounding areas comes and brings necessities such as water and blankets, as well as doctors.
If an area is heavily damaged, it may take a few days for power to come back, and many years to fully rebuild the city to its full extent.