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A majority of important
bioactive compounds that produce desirable therapeutic activity have been
derived from plants. These compounds include various constituents such as polysaccharides,
phenolic compounds, alkaloids, proanthocyanidin, tannins and flavonoids (Hill AF, 1952). These compounds are various primary and secondary
metabolites that can be used for drug development in human and veterinary
medicine (Vasu
K et. al., 2009). Extraction
of plant are obtained from various part of plants such as from barks, stem ,
leaves, flowers, roots, fruits or seeds which have been part of phytomedicines
from since antiquity (Criagg GM, David JN, 2001). In this research, the phytochemical constituents of pomegranate herbal
extracts were analyzed for primary and secondary metabolites by few types of
chemical test.

Most
foodborne illnesses are acute, which always attack a person suddenly and
usually it last a short time, but most patient do not required treatment
because it always recover on its own. Unfortunately, foodborne disease may cause
to more serious complications. Disease which cause by food such as food poisoning, listeriosis
and diseases caused by the exposure of various drug resistant pathogens
(e.g. Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia
coli) are globally known as
environmental harm to the food supply and human health (Sooad Al-Daihan et.
al., 2013). Natural inhibitors such as plant extract for pathogenic
microorganisms have been explored in many plants (Sooad Al-Daihan et. al.,
2013). The antimicrobial activity against some food-borne pathogens by various
extracts from pomegranate fruit was evaluated using in vitro (agar
diffusion) (Sooad Al-Daihan et. al., 2013).

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The current research
was carried out to study the phytochemical properties of the pomegranate fruit
extract and to screen the antibacterial activity of pomegranate fruit used for
herbal treatment by local communities against some pathogenic bacterial strains. 

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