The Sampoong Department Store was built in Seoul, South
Korea, it was collapsed on the 29th of June 1995. The collapse is
the deadliest modern building collapsed that occurred until the attacks in New
York. The reason because of this disaster is due to of multiple errors made by
the designers and contractors who built the store and the negligence of the
The structure was built on top of a landfill, it was
originally designed for an office building but midway through construction the
chairman wanted to make it into a department store with an additional fifth
floor. Many engineers that were working on the project warned the owner Joon
that the changes were dangerous and could collapse but instead of understanding
the consequences he fired them.
In the disaster that occurred, 1500 people were inside
the building and got trapped in which over 500 died and 937 received non-fatal
injuries. The rescue team was not able to start their search till the next day
due to risk of further collapse and rescuers would be at risk, figure 1
illustrates the department facilities for each story.