The Sampoong Department Store was built in Seoul, SouthKorea, it was collapsed on the 29th of June 1995. The collapse isthe deadliest modern building collapsed that occurred until the attacks in NewYork.
The reason because of this disaster is due to of multiple errors made bythe designers and contractors who built the store and the negligence of thestore owner. The structure was built on top of a landfill, it wasoriginally designed for an office building but midway through construction thechairman wanted to make it into a department store with an additional fifthfloor. Many engineers that were working on the project warned the owner Joonthat the changes were dangerous and could collapse but instead of understandingthe consequences he fired them. In the disaster that occurred, 1500 people were insidethe building and got trapped in which over 500 died and 937 received non-fatalinjuries. The rescue team was not able to start their search till the next daydue to risk of further collapse and rescuers would be at risk, figure 1illustrates the department facilities for each story.