1)Introduction: -Workplacesare becoming more diverse within the organizations day by day. The CEO offortune 500 believed that workforce diversity is basically a vital businessimperative (Gilbert and Ivancevich,2000). Since diversity indicate admittanceof all the groups at different levels in an esteemed organization.
Therefore,handling diversity expertly has become a day to day issue and utmostchallenging task for all the organization throughout the entire worldregardless about the structure of the organization. Hence, efficiently managingdiversity issues and other necessity activities such as recruitment, selectingthe right person for the right job and training of the employees is very muchessential for an organizations growth and development. The cultural diversitycan add value and if it can be effectively used in the proper context cancontribute in an organization competitive advantage (Orlando,2000). But then mostof the organization do not pay much attention to the diversity at theworkplace. So, its implications for useful administration, use of workers,individuals and groups (Stone,2002).
Workplace diversity indicates to the amountto which an organization is culturally diverse. It is an array of differencesbetween an organization, these diversities encompass race, gender, ethnicgroup, age, personality, tenure, education, organizational function, backgroundand more. There is no decisive definition of diversity. However (Cox,2001)define diversity as” the variation of social and cultural identities among peopleexisting together in a defined employment or market setting”. Through thisarticle the author tries to define that diversity in a workplace or in anesteemed business organization exist through social such as different religionand cultural such as their own language, dressing, food habitsetc.(Thomas,1995) agreed that diversity does not related directly to “Race andGender” describes diversity as not synonymous with differences but encompassesdifferences and similarities.2)Types of Diversity in a workplace-Thereare some certain categories that can impact in our work culture are age,gender, Sexual orientation, religion, cultural differences and individualcapacity to do the work through the performance (Langton, Robbins &Judge,2013).
However (Griggs,1995) offers another classification of Diversity.The author classified diversity into Primary and secondary dimensions. Primarydimensions are basically those which are hard to change, these are basicallythe human differences which are inborn, or which is having an important impacton our socialization and crucial ongoing impact throughout our lives. Primarydiversity sets our basic self-image and has great influence on how we view theworld. The secondary dimensions of diversity are those that can be changed, butare not limited to such as educational background, geographic location, income,marital status, religious beliefs, and work experience.
(Norton and Fox,1997)argue that diversity in employees and changes within the organization areheavily linked with each other and these two elements have rarely beenintegrated adequately to meet the need of today`s fast paced economy worldwide.2.1) Cultural Diversity-Culturaldiversity indicates to the individuals from different cultures or societies mayalso refers to different factors such as race, language, religion and sexualorientation (Langton, Robbins & Judge,2013).2.
2) Gender Diversity-The wordgender diversity can be defined as the combination of men and women and thedynamics generated when they work as a team (Diaz-Garcia, Gonzalez-Moreno,&Saez-Maortinez,2013). These helps in developing management skills and thedecision-making process boost creativity and innovation.2.3) Age or Generational Diversity-Agedifferences in a work place may have up to three generations all whom have verydifferent life experiences, values and traditions (Langton, Robbins &Judge,2013)2.4) Diversity in Personality-Personalityrefers to a set of distinctive personal characteristics including motives, emotions,values, interests, attitudes and competency.
Personalities can influence theorganizational culture of a work place. Employees can be defined according totheir individual characteristics besides gender, race and age. An individual`spersonality influences their job performance (Harrison, price, Gavin &Florey,2002).