Location andConnectivity: What are the absolute and relative locations of the region orsubregion you have selected? What is the connectivity of this region to others?The absolute location of the St Lawrence Lowlands in theFrench Canada region are a latitude of 45.333 and a longitude of 73.500.
Inregards to relative location, the states of Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont ofthe Maritime Northeast are located to the southeast, New York state of theAmerican Core is located to the south west, and the Northern Frontier region,including the rest of the provinces of Quebec and Ontario, borders the St LawrenceLowlands to the North. The connectivity of this region to others is quiteaccessible. Because it is physically connected to other regions, the StLawrence Lowlands can be accessed by virtually any mode of transportation.People can chose to travel by car and train, and having the St Lawrence Riverallows access by boat. Being that there are two large cities, Montreal andQuebec City, the Quebec City Jean Lesage International Airport makes itpossible for anyone to visit the city as long as they have a passport. 2. PhysicalCharacteristics: How would you describe the climate, physiography, landscape,and natural hazards of the region or subregion you have selected? Ensure youaddress at least three of the physical characteristics listed above for thepurposes of this worksheet.The climate of the St Lawrence Lowlands is one whichexperiences all four seasons and a variety of weather patterns.
Summer isgenerally hot and humid, experiencing an average temperature of 74?F for a highand 54?F for a low. Although the high temperatures appear mild compared to thatof other regions, the humidity makes it feel much hotter. Winter in the regionis cold and snow and wind are a common occurrence. The average high temperatureduring winter is 23?F while the average low is 7?F. Spring and autumn are bothmild in terms of temperature and weather, allowing flowers to start bloomingand birds to return to the area in the spring while autumn brings changes tothe foliage, bursting in shades of red, orange and yellow. The area is notwithout rain, which most predominantly occurs in November and December.The landscape seen in the St Lawrence Lowlands includes theSt Lawrence River, rolling hills and plentiful forests.
The soil in the area iscultivated for multiple resources, including clay and sand and gravel, which isutilized for agriculture. The landscape having such favorable conditions alongwith a rather mild climate brought many people to area and growing throughurbanization. The St Lawrence River, which is part of the boundary between theUnited States and Canada, is a primary outlet of the Great Lakes Basin into theAtlantic Ocean.
(Wikipedia) The region is also has a beautiful variety ofvegetation, forests filled with a variety of trees, including maple, ash, beechand oak. Location and climate both lead to a variety of naturalhazards in the St Lawrence Lowlands. December through April are the mostturbulent times and multiple weather events can cause devastating consequencesto land, property and people. SeveralNor’Easters that began further south affected the northern Atlantic regions.The infamous Storm of the Century in March of 1993, started in the Gulf ofMexico, and the weather system pushed north causing multiple snow storms alongthe way, with Montreal getting over 16 inches of snow. Another Nor’Easteroccurred in April of 2007 and the St Lawrence Lowlands experienced flooding andpower outages, and 18 people ended up losing their life. The cold weatherduring the winter months can bring ice storms and blizzards. During the springand summer, the Lowlands have suffered floods which can contaminate drinkingwater and damage property.
While summer does offer more favorable conditions,wind storms that may include intense thunderstorms have happened. Living near arather wooded area can cause trees to come down, causing property damage andeven death to those caught in the middle. (Wikipedia.com)3. HumanCharacteristics: What are the language families/groups, religions, races, andcultures of the region or subregion you have selected? What is the populationdensity and economic development of the region or subregion?Since 1974, French has been the official language of theProvince of Quebec, including that which is located in the St LawrenceLowlands.
Today, French is the main language for 78% of the population. Whilemost of the citizens are bilingual in both French and English, English is onlythe main language for 7% of the population. The Lowlands have experienced avariety of immigrants, bringing with them their own language and culture. Otherlanguages spoken include: Italian, Spanish, Polish and Arabic. The primaryreligion practiced in Roman Catholicism due to settlers coming from France andeventually Britain, but in 1760 the British government approved of the freedomto practice other religions, opening the door for new faiths to enter theregion. Irish Catholicism arrived in the 1840’s and 1850’s when Irishimmigrants arrived.
Both World Wars brought immigrants from a multitude ofcountries and regions, eventually leading to all major religions beingpracticed. While 90% of the population of Quebec is of French and Britishdescent, the first race of people were those of the First Nation race. French,and eventually British, settlers pushed the vast majority of the aboriginalpopulation out of the area. People from Eastern European countries, Portugal,Greece and Haiti also began to settle in Quebec, bringing pieces of their owncultures and integrating into their new lives. In the 1970’s, immigrants beganto arrive from Africa and Asian, especially from Southeast Asia. With so manypeople from such a variety of countries, Montreal, Quebec City and thesurrounding towns has become a diverse and colorful hub.
The population density in the St Lawrence Lowlands has 6.56million people residing in an area that is roughly 200 miles long by 60 mileswide, from Quebec City to Montreal. Until recently, the economy and job growthof Quebec trailed rest of Canada, but has turned itself around. Natural resourcesand energy production are plentiful – hydro-electric energy is abundant and theoverflow is exported to other areas.
Agriculture, mainly along the St LawrenceRiver, provide many resources, such as clay to be made into bricks and tiles,and sand and gravel are put towards road metal and construction equipment. Themanufacturing sector has a good business of making air traffic controlequipment. Quebec also produces software, subway trains and air purifiers, toname a few of their products. Montreal’s economy benefits from their strongbusiness in space and aeronautics, telecommunications, and energy. Since 2000,Montreal has also been leading in information technology, telecommunicationsand biopharmaceuticals. With a strong economy, Quebec exports 40% of theirtotal product outcome, including electricity due to their surplus, equipmentfor telecommunications and transportation, and minerals from mining. Tourismalso keeps Quebec’s economy strong due to plentiful outdoor activities,beautiful scenary and a variety of festivals.
4.Human/Environmental Interactions: How do the physical and human characteristicsinteract to produce notable observations of the landscape in the region orsubregion you have selected?The St Lawrence Lowlands have favorable conditions andcharacteristics to create a comfortable living environment for people. The landhas great natural resources for agriculture, the climate allows for farming andthe location permits for easy access for people visiting or moving to the area.
While the province of Quebec has over 8 million people, the conditions of theSt Lawrence Lowlands keep 4/5 of the population in that small area. Themultiple cities, such as Montreal and Quebec City, and small towns being in arather small area creates a diverse and bustling region that attracts newresidents and tourists alike. There are numerous parks that allow people toenjoy and appreciate the outdoors and keep some of the natural beauty. Peoplehave altered the landscape to build an urban area where people can live and theregion enjoys a rich economy, but also keeps some of the original landscape,such as forests and hills and mountains. 5. Movement: With howmuch ease and ability do ideas, goods, and people flow in and out of the regionor subregion you have selected? What drives this movement?The flow in and out of the region of ideas, goods and peopleis rather effortless. Due to its economy, natural resources and manufacturingsector, many products are exported.
The Lowlands IT and telecommunications fieldsbegan to take off in 2000, eventually developing into a frontrunner in bothfields and an area with innovative and sought after ideas and technology. Boththese fields being in the position that they are allow for ideas to pass to andfrom other regions and different countries. Having large cities with a diversepopulation brings new ideas and ways of thinking, helping to appeal todifferent areas and groups of people. People also flow in and out of the areawith immigration, moving and tourism.
The St Lawrence Lowlands offers a lot ofdesirable activities and natural beauty for tourists, including festivals,historic landmarks, parks and recreational activities. People from othercountries or other provinces move into the area, bringing fresh talent, takingcare of a labor shortage and new ideas.